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# Кафедра "Локомотиви"

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RU: Кафедра "Локомотивы"

EN: The department "Locomotives"

EN: The department "Locomotives"

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### Browsing Кафедра "Локомотиви" by Author "Hryshechkina, Tatiana S."

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Item Choosing the System of Locomotive Maintenance in View of the Effect of Dependent Failures(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2018) Bodnar, Borys Ye.; Ochkasov, Oleksandr B.; Hryshechkina, Tatiana S.; Bodnar, Yevhen B.Show more ENG: Purpose. Improving the efficiency of the use of locomotives by choosing a rational maintenance system that takes into account the assessment of the effect of dependent failures on the cost of their life cycle is the main purpose of this paper. Methodology. The relevance of introducing LCC (life cycle cost) approaches in locomotive facilities is explained by the introduction of new locomotives with on-board control and diagnostic systems, as well as the development of the theory of traction rolling stock maintenance systems. The cost of a locomotive as a traction unit ceases to be the determining factor. This is because the locomotive maintenance and repair cost for the entire period of its operation is much higher than the initial cost of the locomotive. The paper analyses the existing approaches to managing the cost of the life cycle of locomotives at the stages of selecting, updating, upgrading and operating the traction rolling stock. The necessity of improving the methods for assessing the degree of influence of reliability indicators of locomotive assemblies on the choice of the maintenance system and the cost of the locomotive life cycle is substantiated. Findings. It is proposed to use the concept of «the effect of dependent failures» when calculating the cost of locomotive renewal after unscheduled repairs and its life cycle cost. We improved the methods for determining the cost of unscheduled repairs, taking into account dependent failures and the coefficient of assessment of the effect of dependent node failure on the locomotive maintenance system. The proposed coefficient will determine the nodes, the failure of which affects the renewal cost more than their nominal value. It will also help to take into account the probable losses due to node failure during the development and adjustment of the locomotive maintenance system. Originality. For the first time, it is proposed to use the concept of the effect of de-pendent failures to calculate the locomotive renewal cost when performing unscheduled repairs, as well as the loco-motive life cycle cost. Practical value. The improved calculation method for determining the cost of unplanned repairs with account taken of dependent failures can be used to compare and evaluate different variants of the locomotive maintenance system and to develop the locomotive diagnostic systems.Show more Item Consideration of Dependent Failures Impact on Selecting the System of Locomotive Maintenance(Kaunas Univ. of Technology, Palanga, Lithuania, 2019) Bodnar, Borys Ye.; Ochkasov, Oleksandr B.; Bodnar, Yevhen B.; Hryshechkina, Tatiana S.; Skvireckas, R.Show more ENG: Modern measures aimed at reducing the operating costs are closely related to such concepts as LCC and RAMS-approach. The article analyzes the existing standards that regulate their usage. The purpose of the research is to improve the methodology for determining the renewal costs of locomotive nodes with due regard to dependent failures. To describe the propagation of dependent failures in the system, the authors propose to use the wave approach. The dependent failures impact on the system is determined on the basis of information about the relationship between elements and data from a technological-economic map concerning the cost of locomotive nodes renewal. To take into account the probabilistic nature, the authors propose to use the methods of expert research for determining the probability of failure of dependent elements. The authors proposed a method for determining the probability of the locomotive nodes breakdown considering the dependent failures. The method of calculating the average cost of unscheduled repair, considering the dependent failures of interrelated elements was improved. For the first time, a recurrence relation on a set is deduced, by which the volume of damage is calculated at the dependent failures of elements in a complex system. The coefficient, which will allow assessing the impact of dependent failures on the maintenance system and the life cycle cost of a locomotive, is proposed. On the basis of the proposed method, the calculations for the electric equipment of electric locomotives, DE1 series were made. A comparison of the renewal cost of electrical equipment with considering the dependent failures of related elements was made.Show more Item Safety Performance Analysis of the Movement and Operation of Locomotives(Kaunas University of Technology; Publishing House “Technologija“, Kaunas, Lithuania, 2018) Bodnar, Borys Ye.; Ochkasov, Oleksandr B.; Bodnar, Yevhen B.; Hryshechkina, Tatiana S.; Keršys, RobertasShow more ENG: To estimate the state of the locomotive facility and work, performed by the locomotives, a system of planned and calculated indicators is used. The state of traffic safety in a locomotive facility is estimated in most cases by comparing the absolute number of traffic incidents with previous periods. Accordingly to the existing system of traffic safety analysis, the volume of work performed in the locomotive facility is not taken into account. The purpose of the research is to determine the methodology for forming a certain dimensionless indicator (or group of indicators) that will reflect the overall level of safety in the locomotive facility, taking into account the volumes of work performed by locomotives. The authors suggest the usage of the relative indicators to estimate the state of traffic safety, factoring in the volumes of transportation. As a method of research, we chose the method of the main components as the appropriate mathematical apparatus, which allows analysing the proposed indicators, characterizing the performed work and the traffic safety state with the necessary degree of informativeness. As a result, the most informative indicators and the degree of their correlation with the general index of traffic safety state were determined. Originality of the study lies in the fact that the system of indicators for the traffic safety analysis was improved; the concept of the traffic safety state index and the method of its determination using the method of the main components were improved. The practical value of the work is that we propose to use the relative indicators for estimating the traffic safety, taking into account the volumes of transportation; the ranking of the proposed indicators accordingly to the degree of their impact on the overall level of traffic safety is performed.Show more