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# Кафедра "Гідравліка та водопостачання"

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RU: Кафедра "Гидравлика и водоснабжение"

EN: Department "Hydraulics and Water Supply"

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### Browsing Кафедра "Гідравліка та водопостачання" by Author "Biliaiev, Mykola M."

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Item 3D Modeling of Biological Wastewater Treatment in Aeration Tank(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2020) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Lemesh, Maksym V.; Gunko, Olena Y.; Zadoia, Viacheslav O.; Mashykhina, Polina B.; Yakubovska, Zinaida M.Show more ENG: Purpose. The main purpose of the article is to develop a 3D CFD model for modeling the process of biological wastewater treatment in an aeration tank. Methodology. For mathematical modeling of the process of biological wastewater treatment in the reactor, taking into account the flow hydrodynamics, geometric shape of the aeration tank, convective-diffusion transfer of the substrate and activated sludge, a 3D CFD model was built. The model is based on the three-dimensional equation of motion of an ideal liquid and the equation of mass conservation for the substrate, activated sludge. The field of sewage flow rate in the aeration tank is calculated based on the velocity potential equation. The process of biological transformation of the substrate is calculated on the basis of the Monod model. The splitting scheme was used for numerical integration of the equations of convective-diffusion transfer of activated sludge and substrate. The splitting is carried out in such a way to take into account the transfer of substrate (activated sludge) in only one direction at each step of splitting. The calculation of the unknown value of the substrate (activated sludge) concentration is carried out according to an explicit scheme. The Richardson method is used to numerically integrate the three-dimensional equation for the velocity potential, and the unknown value of the velocity potential is calculated by an explicit formula. Euler's method is used for numerical integration of equations describing the process of substrate transformation and change in activated sludge concentration (Monod model). Findings. The software implementation of the constructed 3D CFD model is carried out. A description of the structure of the developed software package is provided. The results of a computer experiment to study the process of wastewater treatment in an aeration tank with additional elements are presented. Originality. A new multifactor 3D CFD model has been developed, which allows quick assessing the efficiency of biological treatment in an aeration tank. Practical value. The constructed 3D CFD model can be used to analyze the efficiency of the aeration tank under different operating conditions at the stage of sketch design of wastewater treatment systems.Show more Item Analysis of Temperature Field in the Transport Compartment of the Launch Vehicle(Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, 2022) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Semenenko, PavloShow more ENG: The development of satellite linkage systems is based on the satellite’s transportation in space. The transportation of a satellite into orbit is carried out by a launch vehicle. The satellite is located in the transport compartment inside the main fairing. At the stage of the pre-launch preparation, it is necessary to fulfill very strict environment conditions inside the main fairing. Namely, it is very important to predict temperature field in the transport compartment inside the main fairing during its forced ventilation at the stage of pre-launch preparation. To calculate the temperature field formed by the ventilation of the transport compartment and release of heat from different elements of the satellite, the energy equation was used. This equation took into account the intensity of heat release from different parts of satellite, air flow pattern over the satellite, heat transfer in the transport compartment. The non-uniform field of the air flow velocity in the transport compartment was calculated on the basis of the potential flow model. The finite difference schemes were used for numerical integration of modeling equations. The computer code has been developed that implements the proposed numerical model. The results of computational experiments to estimate the temperature regime in the main fairing of the launch vehicle for different satellites is presented.Show more Item Application of Local Exhaust Systems to Reduce Pollution Concentration Near the Road(Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland, 2020) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Pshinko, Oleksandr M.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Sładkowski, AleksanderShow more EN: In this study, the methodological foundations of the technology for the local reduction of chemical pollution from vehicles were improved through the use of twolevel suction units and guide plates of various lengths installed on the nozzles of the suction devices. A program has been developed for the numerical calculation of the carbon monoxide concentration field for evaluating the efficiency of using two-level exhaust systems with different lengths of guide plates on the gas flow selection pipes. The solution of the equations of hydrodynamics and mass transfer is carried out on the basis of finite-difference methods. A number of physical and computational experiments have been carried out; it has been established that the concentration of carbon monoxide in the zone of two-level suctions location decreases by 46-68%.Show more Item Atmosphere Pollution Modeling in the Case of Accident During Rocket Propellant Transportation by Trains(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Gunko, Olena Yu.; Chernyatyeva, KaterynaShow more EN: Abstract. At present time, in Ukraine the intensive development of solid-propellant missiles takes place. These missiles are called «Grim», «Grim-2», etc. Transportation of rocket propellant very often is carried out by trains. In the case of accident during such transportation great amount of toxic chemicals may be emitted into atmosphere. It is very important to predict the atmosphere pollution level near railways transport corridors to obtain the realistic information about the size of possible zones of hitting. To forecast the atmosphere pollution in the case of rocket propellant burning in railway wagon numerical models have been developed. These models are developed to predict the atmosphere pollution in two scales. The first scale is the simulation of the atmosphere pollution near the railway tracks (so called “local scale”). The second scale is the simulation of the atmosphere pollution on the territory which is adjacent to the railway tracks («urban scale»). The forecast is based on the Lagrangian model of toxic chemical dispersion. The models allow also to predict acid rain formation in the case of solid propellant burning products dispersion into atmosphere. To solve the governing equations we used difference schemes of splitting. The results of numerical experiments are presented.Show more Item Calculation of «Vulnerability» Zone in Case of Terrorist Attack with Chemical Agents(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту ім. акад. В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2018) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Kalashnikov, Ivan V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.Show more EN: Purpose. The work involves the development of a numerical model for calculating the «vulnerability» zone of a possible terrorist attack objective with the use of a chemical agent in a builtup environment. The «vulnerability» zone is a territory near the attack objective, where the emission of a chemical agent during the attack will lead to undesirable consequences. The emission of a chemical agent outside the «vulnerability» zone will not create a dangerous concentration near the attack objective. Methodology. To solve this problem, we use the equation for the velocity potential, on the basis of which we determine the wind stream velocity field, and the equation adjoint to the equation of mass transfer in the atmospheric air of the chemical agent emitted in the event of a terrorist attack. During simulation, we take into account the uneven wind stream velocity field, atmospheric diffusion and the rate of emission of a chemically hazardous substance. For the numerical integration of the velocity potential equation, we use the method of A. A. Samarsky. For numerical solution of the adjoint equation, we introduce new variables and use an implicit difference splitting scheme. The peculiarity of the developed numerical model is the possibility of operative estimation of the «vulnerability» zone near a possible attack objective. Findings. The developed numerical model and computer program can be used for scientifically grounded assessment of the «vulnerability» zone near significant facilities in the event of possible attacks with the use of chemical (biological) agents. The constructed numerical model can be implemented on computers of small and medium power, which allows it to be widely used to solve the problems of this class when developing the emergency response plan. The results of the computational experiment are presented, which allow us to evaluate the possibilities of the proposed numerical model. Originality. An effective numerical model is proposed for calculating the «vulnerability» zone near the facility, which may be the target of a terrorist attack with the use of a chemical agent. The model is based on the numerical integration of the velocity potential equation and the equation adjoint to the equation of mass transfer of a chemically dangerous substance in the atmosphere. Practical value. The developed model can be used to organize protective actions near the target facility of a possible chemical attack by terrorists.Show more Item Complex of Numerical Models for Computation of Air Ion Concentration in Premises(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпропетровськ, 2016) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Tsygankova, Svetlana G.Show more EN: Purpose. The article highlights the question about creation the complex numerical models in order to calculate the ions concentration fields in premises of various purpose and in work areas. Developed complex should take into account the main physical factors influencing the formation of the concentration field of ions, that is, aerodynamics of air jets in the room, presence of furniture, equipment, placement of ventilation holes, ventilation mode, location of ionization sources, transfer of ions under the electric field effect, other factors, determining the intensity and shape of the field of concentration of ions. In addition, complex of numerical models has to ensure conducting of the express calculation of the ions concentration in the premises, allowing quick sorting of possible variants and enabling «enlarged» evaluation of air ions concentration in the premises. Methodology. The complex numerical models to calculate air ion regime in the premises is developed. CFD numerical model is based on the use of aerodynamics, electrostatics and mass transfer equations, and takes into account the effect of air flows caused by the ventilation operation, diffusion, electric field effects, as well as the interaction of different polarities ions with each other and with the dust particles. The proposed balance model for computation of air ion regime indoors allows operative calculating the ions concentration field considering pulsed operation of the ionizer. Findings. The calculated data are received, on the basis of which one can estimate the ions concentration anywhere in the premises with artificial air ionization. An example of calculating the negative ions concentration on the basis of the CFD numerical model in the premises with reengineering transformations is given. On the basis of the developed balance model the air ions concentration in the room volume was calculated. Originality. Results of the air ion regime computation in premise, which is based on numerical 2D CFD model and balance model, are presented. Practical value. A numerical CFD model and balance model for the computation of air ion regime allow calculating the ions concentration in the premises in the conditions of artificial air ionization taking into account the main physical factors determining the formation of ions concentration fields.Show more Item Computer Simulation of Biological Wastewater Treatment Processes in Aerotanks With Plates(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2020) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Lemesh, Maksym V.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Mashykhina, Polina B.; Yakubovska, Zinaida M.Show more EN: Purpose. Efficiency determination of the aeration tank at the stage of design or reconstruction of bioreactors in which biological wastewater treatment is carried out requires the use of special mathematical models and calculation methods. The main purpose of the article is to develop CFD models for evaluating the operation efficiency of aeration tanks. Methodology. A numerical model has been developed for the computer calculation of the biological wastewater treatment process in aerotanks, taking into account hydrodynamics. The model is based on two-level mass conservation equations for the substrate and activated sludge and the velocity potential equation. The process of biological transformation of the substrate is calculated based on the Monod model. For the numerical integration of the mass transfer equations of activated sludge and substrate, the alternating-triangular difference splitting scheme is used. In this case, the basic equations are divided into two equations of a more simplified form. For the numerical integration of the equations for the velocity potential, it is split into two one-dimensional equations. Further, each equation is solved according to explicit scheme. For the numerical integration of equations that describe the process of substrate transformation based on the Monod model, the Euler method is used. Findings. The software implementation of the constructed numerical model has been carried out. The results of a computational experiment on the study of the wastewater treatment process in an aeration tank with plates are presented. This leads to the conclusion that the quality control of wastewater treatment in aeration tanks is possible with the help of plates. Originality. A multivariate CFD model has been developed, which makes it possible to quickly assess the efficiency of the aeration tank. A feature of the model is the ability to evaluate the operation of the aeration tank, taking into account its geometric shape and location of additional plates in the construction. Practical value. The constructed numerical model can be used during calculations in the case of designing aeration tanks, or in determining the efficiency of wastewater treatment under new operating conditions.Show more Item Computing Model for Simulation of the Pollution Dispersion Near the Road with Solid Barriers(Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland, 2021) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Pshinko, Oleksandr M.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Sładkowski, AleksanderShow more ENG: In this study, a numerical model is proposed for calculating pollution zones near the road, taking into account the geometry of the automobile transport, meteorological conditions, the location of the barriers and their height, and the chemical transformation of nitrogen oxides in the atmospheric air. The numerical solution is based on the integration of the mass transfer equations using the finite-difference method. To determine the components of the air flow velocity vector, a two-dimensional model of the potential flow is used, where the Laplace equation for the velocity potential is the modeling equation. Based on this numerical model, a software package has been developed that allows computational experiments and does not require large expenditures of computer time. Based on the results obtained, an assessment was made of the effectiveness of the use of barriers to reduce the level of air pollution near highways. It has been established that the use of barriers of different heights reduces the level of pollution behind the road by approximately 20-50%.Show more Item Constructing a Method for Assessing the Effectiveness of Using Protective Barriers Near Highways to Decrease the Level of Air Pollution(ПП ТЕХНОЛОГІЧНИЙ ЦЕНТР, Харків, 2021) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Kozachyna, Vitalii; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Berlov, Oleksandr; Mala, YuliiaShow more ENG: Highways are an intensive source of environmental pollution. Atmospheric air is exposed to the fastest anthropogenic influence. Therefore, a particularly important task is to minimize the level of air pollution near the highway. An effective method for solving this problem is the use of protective barriers of various shapes installed near highways. At the stage of designing these protective structures, an important task arises to assess their effectiveness. Estimation of the effectiveness of protective barriers by the method of the physical experiment takes considerable time to set up and conduct an experiment, as well as analyze the results of hysical modeling. This method is not always convenient during design work. An alternative method is the method of mathematical modeling. For the designer, it is very important to have mathematical models that make it possible to quickly obtain a predictive result and take into consideration a set of important factors on which the effectiveness of the protective barrier depends. A method has been devised that makes it possible to assess the effectiveness of using protective barriers to reduce the level of air pollution near the highway. It was found that an increase in barrier height by 80 % leads to a 22 % decrease in the concentration of impurities behind the barrier. It was established that applying a barrier with a height of 1.5 m leads to a 26 % decrease in the concentration of impurities in buildings adjacent to the highway. A method has been devised to assess the effectiveness of using absorbent "TX Active" surfaces on the protective barrier located near the highway. This study's result revealed that the application of a barrier with one "TX Active" surface leads to a decrease in the concentration of NO behind the barrier by an average of 43 %. When using a barrier with two "TX Active" surfaces, a decrease in the NO concentration behind the barrier is 85 % on average.Show more Item Determination of Areas of Atmospheric Air Pollution by Sulfur Oxide Emissions from Mining and Metallurgical and Energy Generating Enterprises(ДВНЗ "Національний гірничий університет", м. Дніпро, 2017) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Kolesnik, Valerіy Ye.; Pavlichenko, Artem V.Show more EN: Purpose. Development of methods and software for determining levels and zones of atmospheric air pollution by emissions from mining and power generating companies that contain significant volumes of sulfur oxides. Methodology. The forecast of the level of atmospheric air pollution by sulfur-containing emissions from mining and power generating companies is based on a mathematical model for calculating the concentration of sulfur dioxide, which takes into account the processes of its oxidation, as well as the formation and evaporation of sulfuric acid in the atmosphere. The numerical method is based on the joint solution of the equations of convective-diffusion transport of pollutants that come directly from enterprises or are formed additionally due to chemical reactions in the atmosphere. The technique is implemented using implicit difference schemes. Findings. The developed methodology and software allow predicting the levels of atmospheric air pollution by large industrial enterprises taking into account chemical transformations of sulfur oxides in the environment. A number of numerical experiments have been carried out to estimate the levels and zones of atmospheric air pollution in the city of Dnipro with sulfur dioxide near industrial enterprises, taking into account various meteorological conditions. Originality. The regularities of atmospheric air pollution by sulfur-containing emissions from industrial enterprises are established on the basis of a joint solution of transport process equations as for impurities coming from sources of pollution and transformation as a result of chemical reactions in the atmosphere. Practical value. The developed forecast method and software allow determining the concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere and assessing the level of environmental hazard of large industrial enterprises. The obtained patterns of dispersion of sulfur oxides make it possible to predict pollution levels of environmental objects on the territory of industrial cities and to introduce air protection measures in a timely manner.Show more Item Development of a Method for Assessing Air Dustiness in the Main Fairing of the Launch Vehicle(PC Тесhnology Сеntеr, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 2022) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Semenenko, Pavlo; Kozachyna, Valeriia; Brazaluk, Iuliia; Klym, Viktoriia; Tatarko, LarysaShow more ENG: The object of this study is the process of thermostating the main fairing with a satellite at the stage of prelaunch preparation of the launch vehicle. When thermostating, it is necessary to predict the risk of dust contamination of the satellite surface. Currently, there are no normative methods for solving this problem. A numerical model has been proposed that makes it possible to quickly predict the dynamics of pollution of any surface of the satellite. A numerical model has been built for analyzing the zones of dust pollution of air in the main fairing of the launch vehicle during thermostating. The novelty of the model is the use of the Laplace equation for the speed potential, based on which the problem of aerodynamics is solved, namely, the flow rate in the main fairing is determined. Based on the model built, a computational experiment was conducted for dust particles with a diameter of 6 μm that fall into the main fairing during thermostating. The results of the research showed that the formation of areas of dust pollution near the satellite is influenced by the geometric shape of the satellite, which affects the formation of an uneven air velocity field in the main fairing and the organization of air supply to the main fairing. Calculations are performed within a few seconds, which makes it possible during working day to conduct a set of studies into the rational choice of the organization of air exchange of the main fairing during its thermostating. The constructed numerical model can be used in design organizations to scientifically substantiate the thermostating mode of the main fairing, taking into consideration the characteristics of the satellite located in it.Show more Item Emergency Burning of Solid Rocket Propellant: Damage Risk Assessment to People in the Workplace(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, Dnipro, 2020) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Kalashnikov, Ivan V.Show more EN: Purpose. This work includes the development of a computer model to calculate the risk of thermal damage to people in the shop in case of emergency burning of solid rocket propellant. Methodology. To calculate the temperature field in the shop in order to determine the zones of thermal damage to workers in the building, the equation expressing the law of energy conservation was used. Based on this modeling equation, the temperature field in the shop is calculated in the presence of a source of heat emission – burning solid rocket propellant. To calculate the velocity field of air flow in the shop, taking into account the location of obstacles in the path of heat wave propagation, we used the model of vortex-free air motion – the equation of the velocity potential. A two-step finite difference scheme of conditional approximation is used to numerically solve the equation for the velocity potential. A difference splitting scheme was used to numerically solve the energy equation. At the first stage of construction of the difference splitting scheme of the two-dimensional energy equation into the system of one-dimensional equations is performed. Each one-dimensional equation allows you to calculate the temperature change in one coordinate direction. The point-to-point computation scheme is used to determine the temperature. When conducting a computational experiment, the air exchange in the building is taken into account. The risk assessment of thermal damage to personnel in the building is performed for different probabilities of the place of emergency combustion of solid rocket propellant. Findings. Using numerical model prediction of the potential risk areas of thermal damage to staff in the shop for a variety of emergency situations was performed. Originality. A computer model for rapid assessment of the potential risk of damage to people in the shop in case of emergency burning of solid rocket propellant was constructed. Practical value. The authors developed a code that allows you to quickly simulate the temperature fields formation in the shop in case of emergency burning of solid rocket propellant and to identify potential areas of thermal damages to workers based on this information. The developed computer program can be used to assess the risk of thermal damage in the chemical industry in case of emergency.Show more Item Expert Systems for Assessing Disaster Impact on the Environment(Springer, 2014) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Rostochilo, Natalia V.; Kharytonov, Mykola M.Show more EN: This paper presents expert systems and the numerical models to simulate atmosphere pollution after accidents with toxic substances. The expert systems allow one to assess impact on the person or environment after accidents of different types at chemical enterprises or storages. The process of toxic gas dispersion in the atmosphere is computed using the convective-diffusive equation. To compute the flow field among the buildings, two fluid dynamic models are used. The first fluid dynamic model is based on the 3-D equation of the potential flow. The second fluid dynamic model is based on the 2-D equations of the inviscid separated flows. To solve the convective-diffusive equation of the toxic gas dispersion in the atmosphere, the implicit change-triangle difference scheme is used. To solve the equations of the fluid dynamic models the A.A. Samarski’s difference scheme of splitting and change-triangle scheme are used. The developed numerical models have two submodels. The first submodel was developed to simulate the process of the atmosphere pollution after the accident spillages and the evaporation of the toxic substance from the soil. The second submodel allows predicting the air pollution inside the rooms in the case of the outdoor toxic gas infiltration into the room. The developed systems allow assessing the safety of the evacuation route. The developed expert system can be used to solve some specific problems such as the assessment of efficiency of protection measures which are developed to reduce the negative impact on the environment.Show more Item Mathematical Modeling of Aeroion Mode in a Car(The Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland, 2022) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Pshinko, Oleksandr M.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Sładkowski, AleksanderShow more ENG: Summary. In this study, a mathematical method is proposed for calculating the concentration field of air ions of different polarities and dust levels in the passenger compartment, taking into account the geometry of the passenger compartment and seats, shelves, and other internal elements of the passenger compartment. The method also takes into account changes in the rate of the air flow ventilation, the location and number of ionizers, and sources of positive ions and dust, taking into account their different intensities and locations. On the basis of a numerical model for this method, software has been developed that allows users to carry out computational experiments without requiring much time for calculation. Based on the results, the optimal location of the ionizer in the passenger compartment of the car was determined to ensure comfortable conditions for the stay of passengers, which favorably affects their health. It has been found that the presence of two ionizers is optimal for creating comfort in the car with an ionization intensity of ions/s located at the top of the car. If there is one ionizer located on the dashboard or at the top of the car with a higher ionization rate than ions/s, it is not possible to simultaneously provide optimal ionization parameters for passengers in the front and rear seats of the car.Show more Item Mathematical Modeling of Shock Wave Interaction with Wagon(IOP Publishing, 2020) Khrutch, V. K.; Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Kirichenko, Pavlo S.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.Show more EN: In case of some accidents on railways there may be situations when the shock wave appears and interacts with different objects on the railway (wagons, cargo, buildings etc.). In these cases it is necessary to predict the possible effect of shock wave diffraction on the different objects. Study of these problems on the basis of physical experiments (laboratory experiment or field experiment) demand expensive and unique experimental facility. In some cases physical experiment can’t be set. That is why mathematical simulation plays the important role in solving problem connected with shock wave propagation. For practice it is necessary to have predictive quick computing mathematical models which allow to perform numerical experiment on the basis of non-powerful computers. Now, in Ukraine, there is a real deficit of mathematical models which allow to compute quickly shock wave interaction with different objects. The aim of this work was development of quick computing numerical model to simulate shock wave propagation and its interaction with the wagons. The model is based on the numerical integration of Euler equations which are written in integral form. To solve modeling equations difference scheme of splitting was used. Results of numerical modeling are presented.Show more Item Minimization of the Chemical Pollution Level at the Working Zones in Open Areas Using Screens(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2019) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Rusakova, Tetiana I.; Shynkarenko, Viktor I.Show more ENG: Purpose. The scientific work aims to develop a new method for assessing the level of chemical air pollution in working zones located in open areas near highways using screens of different heights. Methodology. The analytical method for calculating the airflow velocity field near protective screens is based on the mathematical apparatus of the theory of complex variable functions, which allows obtaining the value of the velocity potential and the flow function, to calculate the velocity value at any point of the plane with a screen of different height. The obtained velocity field is used to calculate the level of carbon monoxide concentration in the numerical solution of the two-dimensional mass transfer equation. Findings. The developed program of numerical calculation allows conducting computational experiments on the effectiveness of the use of protective screens, taking into account changes in their geometry and meteorological conditions. The developed method based on the obtained concentration field makes it possible to carry out an assessment of the risk of chronic intoxication for the employees of the take-out trade, who are within the zone of the emission source (highway) for a long time. Originality. The regularities of changes in the concentration of carbon monoxide are established depending on the distance to the emission source at a height of 2 m from the ground in the presence of a screen of a certain height and in its absence. A risk assessment of chronic carbon monoxide intoxication has been carried out for take-out trade workers near the highway. It is shown that the presence of the screen reduces the risk of chronic CO intoxication by 10% as compared to its absence. Increasing the screen height to 1.8 m reduces the risk of chronic intoxication by 6% relatively to the situation when the screen height is 1.2 m. Practical value. The developed numerical-analytical method for calculating the level of chemical pollution in working zones in open areas and the program «Screen» created on its basis allow us to carry out a prompt forecast of atmospheric air pollution level with carbon monoxide taking into account the effectiveness of the screens. Quantitative results are necessary at the planning stage of trading places near highways, during the architectural-planned reorganization of adjacent developments.Show more Item Modeling Coal Dust Dispersion from Pile with Protection Barriers(EDP Sciences, 2020) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Kirichenko, Pavlo S.; Oladipo, Mutiu Olatoye; Poltoratskа, ViktoriiaShow more EN: Abstract. The results of laboratory studies to evaluate the effectiveness of barriers which are used to reduce dust pollution from the coal pile are presented. The use of the Г-shaped barrier, which is set differently near the coal pile model, has been studied. A numerical model is proposed to compute coal dust concentration in the air near the pile. The Navier–Stokes equations are used to model the wind flow over the coal pile. These equations are written in the variables "vorticity-stream function". To simulate the process of coal dust dispersion from the coal pile, the equation of convective-diffusion transfer of the passive impurity is used. For numerical integration of the modeling equations, difference schemes of splitting are used. Developed numerical model allows to perform numerical experiments taking into account the complex geometric shape of the pile and screens. The results of the computational experiments are presented.Show more Item Modeling of Biological Wastewater Treatment on the Basis of Quick-Computing Numerical Model(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2018) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Lemesh, Maksym V.Show more EN: Purpose. The scientific paper involves the development of quick computing numerical model for prediction of output parameters of aeration tank. The numerical model may be used in predicting the effectiveness of aeration tank under different regimes of work. Methodology. To simulate the process of biological wastewater treatment in aeration tank numerical models were developed. The flow field in the aeration tank is simulated on the basis of potential flow model. 2-D transport equations are used to simulate substrate and sludge dispersion in the aeration tank. To simulate the process of biological treatment simplified model. For the numerical integration of transport equations implicit difference scheme was used. The difference scheme is built for splitting transport equations. Splitting of transport equation into two equations is carried out at differential level. The first equation of splitting takes into account the sludge or substrate movement along trajectories. The second splitting equation takes into account the diffusive process of substrate or sludge. To solve the splitting equations implicit difference scheme was used. For the numerical integration of potential flow equation the implicit scheme of conditional approximation was used. On the basis of constructed numerical model computer experiment was performed to investigate the process of biological treatment in aeration tank. Findings. Quick computing numerical model to simulate the process of biological treatment in the aeration tank was developed. The model can be used to obtain aeration tank parameters under different regimes of work. The developed model takes into account the geometrical form of the aeration tank. Originality. The numerical model which takes into account the geometrical form of aeration tank and fluid dynamics process was developed; the model takes into account substrate and sludge transport in aeration tank and process of biological treatment. Practical value. Efficient numerical model, so called «diagnostic models» was proposed for quick calculation of biological treatment process in aeration tank.Show more Item Modeling of Noise Pollution Near Railway(European Scientific Institute, ESI, 2020) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.Show more EN: Noise from railway transport is a relevant problem from the point of view of people health. Now, in Ukraine, the railway traffic infrastructure has the period of development. It is important to predict railway transport noise impact in case of changing of transport infrastructure. Existing in Ukraine predictive models are based on empirical formulae which were obtained long ago for specific conditions and do not take into account some important factors. So, these models can’t be used for existing problems which are connected with railway transport noise. The aim of this work was development of numerical predictive model to forecast noise from railway transport. The model is built on the numerical integration of wave equation for acoustic pressure. Some results of numerical experiment are presented.Show more Item Modeling of the Atmosphere Pollution From Coal Trains(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Oladipo, Mutiu Olatoye; Chernyatyeva, KaterynaShow more EN: Abstract. Coal trains have an intensive impact on environment pollution. It is very important to predict adequately this impact during coal transportation. In Ukraine to predict atmosphere pollution from coal trains the regulatory model «OND-86» is used. This model does not take into account some important factors and coal train movement. We present numerical models to solve two problems:1) prediction of atmosphere pollution in the case of moving coal train; 2) prediction of atmosphere pollution in the case of additional special boards installation on the coal wagon. To solve these problems equation of coal duct convective- diffusive dispersion (Lagrange model of admixture dispersion) and equation of potential flow were used. Governing equations were numerically integrated using implicit difference schemes. For coding difference equations we used FORTRAN language. We present results of numerical experiments and laboratory experiments which illustrate the efficiency of the special additional boards installation on the coal wagon. These boards have «internal wing» and «external wing». The obtained results illustrate that installation of additional boards allows to minimize the atmosphere pollution near transport corridor.Show more

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