ItemGender Project of the Future (preprint)(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, Ukraine, 2019) Khmil, Volodymyr V.EN: A special thematic issue in the Journal «Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research» devoted to gender content is analyzed. The focus of the review is on new directions of thought and practical realization of gender justice. Prospects for further development of the mentioned topic are determined. ItemАнтропологічні виміри філософських досліджень № 15, 2019 р.(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту ім. акад. В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2019)UK: У збірнику представлені наукові статті, що висвітлюють та осмислюють нові грані людського існування на початку нового тисячоліття. Окрема увага зосереджується на формах їх оприявнення та рефлексії у філософії науки, культури, техніки, мови. Збірник призначено для співробітників науково-дослідних організацій, наукових, науково-педагогічних та інженерних працівників, докторантів, аспірантів, студентів вищих навчальних закладів. ItemWomen of Ukrainian Anti-Nazi Underground Reflected in Historical Antropology(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2019) Slobodyanyuk, Mykola A.; Radkevich, Tetiana O.EN: Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to study the behaviour of women in extreme conditions, to establish various social roles of women, ways of their adaptation to extreme conditions on the example of Ukrainian anti-Nazi underground during Second World War. Theoretical basis. The authors derive from the fact that historical anhropology is a leading and promising area of historical research. Originality. For the first time, the authors have shown that in conditions of constant stress state and direct threat to life and health, the behaviour of underground women was determined by adequate survival strategies, i.e. by the life circumstances and personal qualities of the underground members. Conclusions. Permanent existence on the verge of life and death often led women to emotional actions, deviant forms of behaviour. Their actions could be controversial, and the motives – confusing. At the same time, the majority of women left in the Soviet underground chose as a strategy of survival the path of confrontation with occupiers, held true to their choices, often showed courage, ingenuity and self-sacrifice. ItemPhilosophical Representation of Female Artistic Images in Objectivism(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту ім. акад. В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2019) Muntian, Antonina O.EN: Purpose. Based on actualization of gender discursive features, the current piece aims to clarify and accentuate the manifestation of gender-philosophical ideas interaction: feminism in the framework of objectivism. The source material for the current article is a novel by Ayn Rand "Atlas Shrugged", which is a philosophical work on objectivism. Theoretical basis. The development of the gender discourse, in particular the discourse of feminism is researched from the retrospective angle. This piece is an attempt to underline peculiarities of female artistic images representation in Rand’s work and the way Rand’s novel influenced the logical development of feminist discourse. Discourse of feminism is a rather peculiar notion for Objectivism, where the notion of gender is, theoretically, annihilated as far as gender is irrelevant for both personal and professional growth, however, practically, gender representation and actualization is ubiquitous in Rand’s philosophy. Originality. The distinctive features of gender discourse in Objectivism are highlighted in this piece; the results are based on the application of comparative analysis. It is argued that philosophy itself may well be perceived through a literary work of fiction, thus making artistic images prototypes of philosophy functionaries. Conclusion. "Atlas Shrugged" is not merely a literary fiction, but rather a philosophical treatise on Objectivism, which is a philosophy of individual struggle and achievement. The main female protagonist of "Atlas Shrugged", Dagny Taggart, is a staunch supporter of Objectivism. In Rand’s opinion Dagny Taggart is a prototype of a true woman of utopian American capitalist society, and it is her artistic image that was misinterpreted by supporters of feminist movement ideas and Dagny Taggart became an icon of feminism, whereas in reality Dagny’s discourse is rather a discourse of femininity, for Dagny despises everything that is connected with feminist ideas and practices, and, it is an error to weave her discourse into a much wider feminist discourse. ItemAnthropological Comprehension of a Woman-Author as the Subject of Culture Through the Prism of Language and Literature (Gender Aspect)(Дніпровський національний університет залізничного транспорту ім. акад. В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2019) Koliieva, Iryna A.; Kuptsova, Tatiana A.EN: Purpose. To study the phenomenon of a woman-author as a subject of culture and philosophy from a development of literary aspect in the works both Western and Ukrainian scientists. To define the significance of the philosophical representation of the gender stereotypes to reconsider their place and role in the socio cultural discourse. Theoretical basis. To investigate the theoretical framework in the postmodern philosophy the cross-disciplinary approach is used. The comparative approach is methodologically important to clarify the problems concerning a woman-author as a subject of culture. It is underlined that the boundary line between literature and philosophy is movable, which coincides with the shapes of the human experience. Based on the conviction that gender has integrated into all social relations, that means it is a gender context of any social interaction, it is important to emphasize the productivity of a new scientific methodology of sociocultural constructing of gender. Originality. Is in systematic literary analysis of Ukrainian and Western women’s prose as specific philosophical phenomenon. It was proved that the investigation of women’s literature, its identity is an important focus of both philosophy and culture, which helps find philosophical problems in literary texts. Besides the analysis of gender implications in texts allows to start theoretical dialogue on gender problems, which means the participation in the discussion about the targets of our cultural life. Conclusions. It has been proved that literature of the ХХth -XXIst centuries is characterized by strengthening interaction between philosophical systems and literary works that reflects mainstreaming of intellectual and thinking bases. It was revealed that women’s philosophical and literary conceptions have created a unique woman’s world of being and an image of "a new woman", thus leading the way towards the new stereotypes based on comprehension that sex differences should not be determining factors both in cultural and social coexistence. ItemGender Project of the Future(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, Ukraine, 2019) Khmil, Volodymyr V.EN: A special thematic issue in the Journal «Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research» devoted to gender content is analyzed. The focus of the review is on new directions of thought and practical realization of gender justice. Prospects for further development of the mentioned topic are determined. ItemWill to Truth and Gender Studies (preprint)(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, Ukraine, 2019) Snitko, Dmytro Yu.; Varshavskyi, Oleksandr P.EN: The purpose of the paper is to establish the emergence and evolution of a gender perspective from the foundations of classical philosophy, namely, from the phenomenon of will-to-truth as the spontaneous desire of man to the knowledge of being. To achieve this goal, the following tasks are solved: 1) to investigate the way in which philosophy constitutes itself; 2) to establish how the category of "sex" appears (manifests), both in the natural and in the social contexts; 3) to determine the correlation of gender studies and philosophy. Theoretical basis. If for the methodology of gender studies it is inherent to proceed from the contextuality and value foundations of knowledge, then in this paper gender is considered directly from the being-inworld, human presence. Originality. The scientific novelty of the study is to distinguish between the will-to-truth and the will-to-knowledge (M. Foucault), which is used as a methodological method through which an attempt is made to identify the demand of sex (gender) for being as a subject of philosophy. Conclusions. As a result of the study, it was found that scientific developments in the field of gender issues in their subject matter are not mainly descended from subject sphere of classical philosophy. Sex (gender) isn’t substantiated metaphysically, and it is ontical, not ontological attribute of the human kind; its presentation as the determinating factor of the cultural history in context of femininity/masculinity`s dichotomy is engaged; this quality is similar to Nietzsche’s will to power, i.e., determination of definite knowledge. This one is later used in legal, socio-political discourse, corrects language practice, determine scientific researches depending on axiological component of culture; as the problem of social justice solving, gender as the subject of social study has lost its actuality.