2nd International Scientific and Practical Conference “Energy-Optimal Technologies, Logistic and Safety on Transport” (EOT-2019)

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Took plase 21 october 2019


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Now showing 1 - 20 of 43
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    The Concept of a Hybrid Traction Power Supply System
    (Les Ulis: EDP Sciences-Web of Conferences, France, 2019) Sychenko, Viktor G.; Kuznetsov, Valeriy; Kosariev, Yevhen; Bekh, Petro V.; Sayenko, Yuriy; Styslo, Bohdan O.; Pavlichenko, Mihail; Vasilev, Ihor; Pulin, Mykola M.
    ENG: Abstract. The growing shortage of energy resources to provide heavy traffic and high-speed traffic necessitates the development of a new power supply scheme for a traction network using sources of distributed generation of electric energy. Application of asymmetric distributed traction power system with the use of distributed generation allows to increase electric energy efficiency of the feed system of rolling stock, reduce its material capacity and increase the reliability of the functioning of the railway system as a whole. The proposed structure of the hybrid electric traction system involves the creation of a new paradigm aimed at ensuring high demands on the voltage and specific power in the traction network, which will allow to improve the quality and safety of the transportation process when increasing the energy performance indicators. This paradigm will allow to form a new philosophy of building traction power systems. The key elements of this philosophy are decentralization of generation and consumption of electric energy, the use of intelligent electric equipment, distributed power supply management in a single information space of the energy process during transportation. The peculiarity of the proposed work is the optimal combination of technological processes of transmission, consumption of electric energy and transportation, taking into account the specific conditions of functioning of the electrified section: points of connection of power sources and their type, profile of the track, schedule of trains, types of rolling stock and equipment. Conceptually, the hybrid traction power system is an electric hub, in which the inputs are generating points, and the output is the power supply system of the rolling stock. The internal structure of the electric power objects of the hub is determined by the type of transformation and accumulation of electric energy and ways of managing these objects in real time.
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    Resource-Saving Method of Forming Information Infrastructure of Sorting Stations
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Kosolapov, Anatolii A.
    EN: Abstract. The paper proposes a resource-saving method of conceptual design of the information infrastructure of railway objects on the example of a distributed computer control system of a marshalling yard. This method allows determining the economically optimal degree of decentralization of the technical structure of the management system.
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    Model for Building Traction Information of Suburban Rolling Stock on Hydrogen Fuel
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Falendysh, Anatoly; Dzhus, Volodymyr S.; Kletska, Olha; Kosariev, Oleg; Dizo, Jan
    EN: Abstract. The materials consider the possibility of using hydrogen as a fuel for suburban rolling stock in Ukraine. The analysis of the use of hydrogen fuel in transport in various countries of the world is carried out. One of the main stages of calculating the rolling stock is the construction of its traction characteristic, which largely depends on the type of power plant. Therefore, a model has been developed for constructing traction characteristics of a suburban rolling stock when it is converted to hydrogen fuel. For this purpose, an analysis of power equipment with an energy source from a polymer of an exchange membrane fuel cell and methods of connecting their batteries to blocks is done. The scheme of power transmission for the rolling stock is proposed and its efficiency coefficient is preliminarily calculated. The main technical indicators of suburban rolling stock in Ukraine at the moment and using proton-exchange membrane fuel cells on it are considered. Preliminary consideration is given to the operation parameters of the electric circuit of the rolling stock under various modes of its motion. The traction characteristic of a suburban mobile suction on hydrogen fuel is constructed. The proposed model is implemented in the software product MathLab.
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    Atmosphere Pollution Modeling in the Case of Accident During Rocket Propellant Transportation by Trains
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Berlov, Oleksandr V.; Gunko, Olena Yu.; Chernyatyeva, Kateryna
    EN: Abstract. At present time, in Ukraine the intensive development of solid-propellant missiles takes place. These missiles are called «Grim», «Grim-2», etc. Transportation of rocket propellant very often is carried out by trains. In the case of accident during such transportation great amount of toxic chemicals may be emitted into atmosphere. It is very important to predict the atmosphere pollution level near railways transport corridors to obtain the realistic information about the size of possible zones of hitting. To forecast the atmosphere pollution in the case of rocket propellant burning in railway wagon numerical models have been developed. These models are developed to predict the atmosphere pollution in two scales. The first scale is the simulation of the atmosphere pollution near the railway tracks (so called “local scale”). The second scale is the simulation of the atmosphere pollution on the territory which is adjacent to the railway tracks («urban scale»). The forecast is based on the Lagrangian model of toxic chemical dispersion. The models allow also to predict acid rain formation in the case of solid propellant burning products dispersion into atmosphere. To solve the governing equations we used difference schemes of splitting. The results of numerical experiments are presented.
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    Improving the Energy Efficiency of Operation of Elements of the Structures of the Rolling Stock by Means of Surface Engineering
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Kopylov, Vyacheslav; Kuzin, Oleg A.; Kuzin, Mykola O.
    EN: Abstract. The manufacture of rolling stock components with a given life cycle based on the computerization of all design and production stages is the most promising way to increase the energy efficiency of its operation. The implementation of this approach requires the expansion of the use of technologies that provide parts with a high level of mechanical and operational properties. The state of the surface layers is important in the formation of the reliability parameters of high-loaded parts. The principles of using system approaches for the physical justification of the choice of the optimal modes of engineering grain boundaries depending on the operating conditions of products are presented. New approaches and algorithms have been created that allow quantitative and qualitative studies of the effect of technological treatments and the chemical composition of polycrystals on the strength of grain boundaries and the processes of softening of the boundary zones. Using the developed techniques, the ways to control the energy state of the internal interfaces by doping, microalloying and heat treatment were determined to increase the resistance to brittle fracture and wear of the steels used in the manufacture and repair of rolling stock.
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    Comparison of Motor Coach Exhaust Emissions in Real Operating Conditions for Different Testing Procedures
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Gallas, Dawid; Merkisz, Jerzy; Andrzejewski, Maciej; Tomaszewski, Sylwin; Strzemkowski, Jan; Kinter, Stepan O.
    EN: Abstract. The article discusses the results of applying real driving emissions (RDE) testing methods in measuring the exhaust emissions of a passenger rail vehicle. Portable Emissions Measuring Systems (PEMS) were used to measure the exhaust emissions from a motor coach in real operation, performed on a test track for selected drive cycle parameters. The road emission values of exhaust components have been calculated and compared to road vehicles and road exhaust emission limits based on the legal norms. The assessment was concluded with a comparison of the environmental cost, in terms of exhaust emissions, of transporting passengers using the tested rail vehicle relative to alternative road transport, based on measurements in real operating conditions.
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    Disposal of Technological Sludge of Railway Infrastructure Enterprises
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Zelenko, Yuliia V.; Bezovska, Maryna S.; Leshchynska, Anna L.; Shnaiderman, Alexandr
    EN: The problem of improving environmental safety in the handling of oily waste and sludge is relevant for most industries. Significant amounts of waste oil adversely affect virtually all components of the environment. However, it is also a valuable hydrocarbon feedstock. Thus, a rational approach to the processing of sludge can have a significant environmental and economic effect. The shortcomings of traditional thermal technologies for the disposal of technological sludge and suggests using much cheaper mechanical methods were discussed in this article. For example, install decanters of various designs in a depot depending on the overall composition of the sludge and the composition of each of its main parts: the carbon-containing part, water and mechanical impurities. A modern scheme for the disposal of technological sludge from railway infrastructure enterprises has been proposed. Such a scheme allows to reduce the man-made load associated with their accumulation, circulation and minimization. The most promising example of the use of the proposed technology of utilization of oil sludge is its implementation at the local sewage treatment plants of locomotive and wagon depots.
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    Modeling of the Atmosphere Pollution From Coal Trains
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Biliaiev, Mykola M.; Kozachyna, Vitalii A.; Biliaieva, Viktoriia V.; Oladipo, Mutiu Olatoye; Chernyatyeva, Kateryna
    EN: Abstract. Coal trains have an intensive impact on environment pollution. It is very important to predict adequately this impact during coal transportation. In Ukraine to predict atmosphere pollution from coal trains the regulatory model «OND-86» is used. This model does not take into account some important factors and coal train movement. We present numerical models to solve two problems:1) prediction of atmosphere pollution in the case of moving coal train; 2) prediction of atmosphere pollution in the case of additional special boards installation on the coal wagon. To solve these problems equation of coal duct convective- diffusive dispersion (Lagrange model of admixture dispersion) and equation of potential flow were used. Governing equations were numerically integrated using implicit difference schemes. For coding difference equations we used FORTRAN language. We present results of numerical experiments and laboratory experiments which illustrate the efficiency of the special additional boards installation on the coal wagon. These boards have «internal wing» and «external wing». The obtained results illustrate that installation of additional boards allows to minimize the atmosphere pollution near transport corridor.
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    Improving the Safety of Railway Subgrade When it is Strengthened Using Soil-Cement Elements
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Krysan, Vitalii; Krysan, Volodymyr; Petrenko, Volodymyr D.; Tiutkin, Oleksii L.; Andrieiev, Volodymyr S.
    ENG: Abstract. The article identifies the main parameters of the drilling-mixing technology, which is the most effective in fixing weak soil bases during the construction and restoration of transport, industrial and civil structures. The difference of the technology developed by the authors is that the strengthening process is carried out at low pressure (0.15 ... 0.25 MPa). The relevance of the research is that the proposed technology requires less cost with high rates of restoring the strength of soil foundations. To prove the high quality of the technology, laboratory studies were carried out to determine the optimal characteristics of the soil-cement element, as well as the proportions and composition of the fixing solution. The dependences of the strength of soil-cement elements in the air-dry condition with cement content from 7% to 23% with water-cement ratio in solution 1 / 0.3 and with cement content from 13% to 37.5% with water-cement ratio in solution 1/0,6. During the experimental-industrial studies of the author's technology, the embankment was constructed with the soil-cement-reinforced elements for the access road approaches at one of the facilities in Kirovograd region, which ensured safety in the operation of a complex transport structure.
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    Improvement of Energy Indicators of Conventional Electric Driving Asynchronous Motors of Non-Standard Technological Equipment at the Enterprises for Repair of Railway Rolling Stock Through the use of Energy-Saving Motors
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Bondar, Oleh I.; Baliichuk, Oleksii Yu.; Karzova, Oksana O.; Krasnov, Roman V.; Marenych, Oksana L.; Ustimenko, Dmytro
    ENG: Abstract. The purpose of this work is to study the utilization efficiency of electric driving energy-saving motors of non-standard technological equipment meant for repair of railway rolling stock, in terms of improvement of energy performance, i.e. improvement of efficiency factors and power factors, and decrease of power losses as compared with the most commonly used “conventional” asynchronous motors. There are two options for improvement of the energy performance of electric drives of non-standard technological equipment: replacement of a conventional motor with an energy-saving one similar in terms of nominal voltage, rotational speed, power, etc.; changeover of stator winding from “delta” to “star”. A special technique has been proposed to determine the effectiveness of this changeover in terms of improvement of energy indicators. Comparison of the real values of the energy indicators of conventional motors and energy-saving motors in the case under consideration is required to perform the technical and economic calculations when solving the problem of the expediency of replacement of conventional asynchronous motors with energy-saving motors in the abovementioned equipment.
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    Development of an Algorithm for Investigation of Technical State of Wagons’ Running Gears During Their Derailment
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Batig, Andriy V.; Hrytsyshyn, Petro; Kuzyshyn, Andriy; Milyanych, Andriy R.; Voznyak, Oleh M.; Tereshchak, Yuriy V.
    EN: Abstract. A freight wagon is a collection of a large number of parts and assemblies that form a single structure. During wagon operation, there are gradual changes in the characteristics and parameters of its structural elements. That is, the parameters of its constituent elements change – their numerical values increase or decrease that result in a change of the unit’s technical state, and, in turn, affects the totality of its performance. Gradually accumulating, the changes in the parameters of the structural elements of a wagon reach such a level that radical, sometimes abrupt qualitative change occurs. A malfunction that has not been repaired timely may lead to a failure of a wagon structural element, which, in turn, may result in rolling stock derailment. It has been established that the loss of stability of freight wagons during their movement is most often due to their unsatisfactory dynamic properties, which can be explained by design features and technical state of running gears. In this regard, the authors of the article have developed an algorithm for investigation technical state of running gears of freight wagons and determined the effect of their parameters’ deviation on rolling stock operation with possible further derailment.
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    Fryze Reactive Power of Trams in Eeffective Stochastic Rrecuperation Processes
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Bondar, Oleh I.; Kostin, Mykola O.; Mukha, Andrei; Sheikina, Olha H.; Levytska, Svitlana І.
    ENG: Abstract. Urban electric transport system, particularly tram systems, is not a direct current system not only in traction mode but in regenerative modes as both voltage on a collector and regenerative current are stochastic abruptly variable processes. The above- mentioned facts determine availability of Fryze’s reactive power in this system that flows from a railway substation to trams, leads to incidental losses of energy and significantly reduces its quality. So evaluation of power effectiveness of the system in electrical trams operation is impossible without determining the level of reactive power in this system. We have analytical expression of reactive power by Fryze. Numerical calculations for trams type T3D and T4D in regenerative braking modes are done. Probabilistic statistical data processing operation of reactive power expressions is done. It is determined that reactive power changes in the limit of 10…100 kilo-volt ampere reactive with mathematical expectation – 37,0 kilo-volt ampere reactive. Statistical allocation of random power values are different. Numerical calculations of incidental losses, energy of recuperation are done and they range supplementary – 20% from total losses. It is stated that coefficient of reactive power of system route of trams is exceeding permissible value 0,25.
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    Investigation of Train Shunt Problem in Track Circuits of Signalling and Interlocking Devices
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Razgonov, Adam P.; Zhuravlov, Anton Yu.; Yashchuk, Kateryna I.; Shcheka, Vadym I.
    EN: Abstract. The problems of electric track circuits calculating were investigated in the works of various authors, it is noted that there is no complete clarity on the definition of shunt resistance. The value of the calculated train shunt resistance in many respects affects the area of signaling systems rail channel stable operation and train traffic safety. It is relevant to study the possibilities of changing the standard value of and the conditions for the execution of track circuits shunt mode, especially for sections of railway with low resistance insulation of the rail line. The surface area of the “wheel-rail” skating, taking into account the different conditions of interaction dynamics and wear of rails and wheel elements were obtained in article. It is shown that the reduction of the normative value of the resistance of the train shunt is appropriate for signaling systems, especially for sections of railway with low resistance insulation of the rail line. An approximate estimate of the geometric parameters of the membrane that forms on the “wheelrail” surface is obtained; proposed a more complete electrical replacing scheme for the train shunt circuit, which allows analyzing the influence of the circuit elements parameters values and the frequency of the signal current. A method for calculating the correlation dependence of the train shunt resistance from wheel-rail surface membrane parameters is proposed.
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    Justification of Parameters of Wheelset Axle Fatigue Strength Test-Bench for Railway Rolling Stock
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Kuropiatnyk, Oleksii S.; Raksha, Serhii V.; Anofriev, Pavlo G.
    ENG: Abstract. The operation safety of the railway rolling stock depends directly on the strength of the base part of the wheelset – its axle. Therefore, in recent years numerous studies of theoretical and experimental nature, both for means of rail transport, and for machines containing rail track equipment are carried out. This paper substantiates the main parameters of the fatigue test bench for axles for wheelsets of railway rolling stock. We performed an analysis of the load schema for bench tests, determined the dependence of the bench work force on the parameters of the wheelset axle. In addition, we substantiated the design and parameters of vibrator. For the research, we adopted the following criteria of rationality: work force, energy consumption and longitudinal dimension of the test bench. The design is considered the best, if these criteria acquire the smallest values. The results of the research indicate that the load scheme “cantilever beam” is rational for the fatigue bench tests of the axles for wheelsets of railway rolling stock. The best design of the vibrator have to provide the test bench work force by rotating the unbalanced mass around the stationary wheelset axle. The rational vibrator contains a sectoral eccentric mass rotating at an angular velocity of about 150 s-1. In this case, the eccentric mass value is about 80 kg, and its eccentricity is 135 mm.
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    Mathematical Modelling of the Communication Channel between the Rail Circuit and the Inputs Devices of Automatic Locomotive Signalization
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Hololobova, Oksana O.; Buriak, Serhii Yu.; Havryliuk, Volodymyr I.; Skovron, Ihor Ya.; Nazarov, Oleksii A.
    ENG: Abstract. In modern practice of operating under traffic safety conditions, the traffic light signal must be transmitted to the locomotive that moves to it, and duplicate in the driver's cab. However, this communication channel is not protected from external interference. In order to prevent the occurrence of code failure, it is necessary to create conditions under which the automatic locomotive signalling system will distinguish between signals with useful information, from signals with false information. The best way to solve this problem at the first stage is to model the devices. Using the simulation tools of graphical environment of simulation modelling Simulink from Matlab software environment, the software model of the communication channel between the railroad and the input devices of automatic locomotive signalling system was constructed. The created mathematical model with the actual parameters allows us to obtain diagnostic signs of a proper condition, on the basis of which the research is aimed at the identification, recognition and definition of various types of malfunctions, failure, damages and defects in the work of the constituent elements of the system and the signal transmission channel of the automatic locomotive signalling system.
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    Determining the Causes of Rolling Stock Derailment From the Track Using Modern Research Methods
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Kuzyshyn, Andriy; Batig, Andriy V.; Sobolevska, Julia H.; Kostritsa, Sergei A.; Ursulyak, Lyudmila V.; Dovhaniuk, Stepan S.
    EN: Abstract. The analysis of cases of rolling stock derailment from the track at PJSC «Ukrzaliznytsia» over the past 5 years has been carried out and their main types are given. It is noted that the rapid development and improvement of computer technology allows the use of computer and mathematical modelling in the study of cases of rolling stock derailment from the rail track, which makes it possible to take into account a combination of factors that have the main influence on the behavior of rolling stock when moving along the track. It has been established that the first step is the construction of a mathematical model of an object using a selected type of mathematical description: algebraic, differential, integral equations, discrete mathematics, set theory, and others. And the second step is the choice of a method for solving these models. The simulation methods are given, which, depending on the programming style, are divided into: procedural-oriented, object-oriented, logical-oriented, rule-oriented, and oriented to constraints. An objectoriented programming of a freight car has been developed, which will make it possible to evaluate its main dynamic indicators, in particular, indicators of stability from derailment. This in turn will facilitate the establishment of the main causes of rolling stock derailment from the rail track.
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    Methodology of Risk Assessment and Forms of Environmental Safety Management for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Railway Transport
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Zelenko, Yuliia V.; Dzhus, Oleh; Dzhus, Volodymyr S.; Yanchenko, Dmytro A.
    EN: The authors examined the scientific basis for managing environmental and economic risks in the transport of dangerous goods by rail. The importance of optimizing the monitoring of environmental safety and the organization of environmental risk management was noted. The paper presents the interrelation of the functional strategy of ensuring the reliability of the transportation process with other strategies. A new functional strategy and a schematic diagram of the environmental management system for making management decisions to optimize environmental management in railway transport have been proposed. A conceptual apparatus has been developed to identify and determine environmental risks and the principle of their management during the transport of dangerous goods by railway transport.
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    Non-Destructive Control Data Analysis of Railroad Foundation Constructions
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Trofimov, Alexander; Kuzmenko, Albina I.; Nesterenko, Halyna I.; Avramenko, Svitlana I.; Muzykin, Mykhailo I.; Mormul, Nikolaj; Sokhatsky, Anatoliy
    ENG: Abstract. The evaluation of the parameters of multi-layered foundations (railroad basis, foundations of railway structures, etc.) plays an important role in ensuring the safe movement of trains. The method of estimating the mechanical and geometric parameters of such foundations based on the solutions of inverse problems for multi-layered elastic packets is proposed. As input data for such problems the measured displacements of certain points on the package surface are used. The method allows estimating the parameters of the a priori distribution of unknown variable parameters, identifying and excluding outliers of the measured data from the created model, and constructing a posteriori estimation of the unknown parameters probability density with acceptable resolution. Proposed method can be used to create a new generation of equipment intended for non-destructive monitoring and estimating of the condition of the railroad basis and the foundations of artificial structures. The appropriate software of such vehicles based on the developed methods of data processing can be developed. The use of such equipment allows to operatively analyzing the state of individual areas of the railroad to decide on the need of repairing or replacing the railroad base or foundation of other elements of railroad infrastructure.
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    Stability of the Railway Subgrade under Condition of Its Elements Damage and Severe Environment
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Kovalchuk, Vitalii V.; Sysyn, Mykola P.; Nabochenko, Olga S.; Pentsak, Andrii Ya.; Voznyak, Oleg M.; Kinter, Stepan O.
    EN: Abstract. Investigation of damages of the subgrade slope in combination with its overwetting and rolling stock loading, which significantly affects safety traffic of the railway transport, has been carried out. The complex method of slope stability estimation of the subgrade is developed, which includes calculation of loads and vibration action of rolling stock on the main site of the subgrade, as well as the dynamic model of vibrations propagation in the body of the subgrade embankment and the model of plastic deformations accumulation. Dynamic and nonlinear plastic models are based on a finite-element model of the cross section of the subgrade. The plastic model takes into account the characteristics of soil strength of the subgrade, depending on the area of the vibration load impact. The developed method allows to carry out the estimation of external and internal factors impact on occurrence of subgrade destruction, which is of practical value for safety state estimation of the railway transport.
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    Optimization of the Design of Relay Valves for Rail Vehicles Braking Systems in the Context of Train Traffic Safety
    (Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2019) Tomaszewski, Sylwin; Tomaszewski, Franciszek; Stawecki, Włodzimierz; Urbański, Patryk; Far, Mariusz; Bolzhelarskyi, Yaroslav
    EN: Abstract. The article presents the functions of the relay valve and its place in brake systems of rail vehicles. The relay valve were divided according to their type, the structure and principle of their operation were discussed, and examples of rail vehicles and modules in which relay valves are installed are presented. Because of their function in braking systems the relay valves should be characterized by high reliability and correct carrying out the tasks in the braking system of rail vehicles. The article describes selected structural factors affecting the operation of the relay valve and which are important for ensuring the safety of train traffic. Such factors are the lubricants used in the relay valves and the way of controlling it simultaneously with two signals with the function of an alternative that eliminates unreliable elements of the braking system. The analysis of the test results of the lubricant parameters and the testing of the relay valves on the test bench showed that the correctness of the relay valves depends essentially on the properties of the lubricant used, especially at low temperatures. On the basis of the tests carried out, a grease was selected that at low temperatures meets the criteria for correct and reliable operation of relay valves in rail vehicles. In terms of the control method, a comparison of two control signal delivery systems to the relay valve has been made, a new design solution is presented that ensures greater operational reliability and thus greater safety of the train traffic.