Про кризу культури та людини в «надуманому» традиціоналізмі Р. Генона

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Дніпровський національний університет ім. Олеся Гончара, Дніпро
UKR: Культурно-філософський вимір проблеми духовної складової людини та суспільства в творчості французького мислителя Р. Генона здійснюється в історико-філософському ключі. Увага зосереджується на спробах Р. Генона демонструвати прихильність консервативним традиціям християнського світу. Здійснюється критичний огляд позицій філософської картини світу Р. Генона, підкреслюється його спроба здолати кризу культурного розвитку через симбіоз різних релігій, вірувань та вчень.
ENG: The problem of the crisis situation of Western European culture at the beginning of the 19th century became the central problem in the ideological heritage of R. Guenon. In his reflections, the French thinker turns to the consideration of the role and significance of traditions in the life of a person and society. R. Guenon fills the term “tradition” with his semantic load, making this term a key element in his philosophy. The reflexive space of Guénon’s philosophy is the sphere of the philosophy of religion and it is difficult to attribute it to the sphere of religious philosophy. This difficulty lies in the departure of the French thinker from the traditions of the Christian worldview to the ideological foundations of Eastern mysticism, agnosticism and theosophical views. Perhaps it is these preferences of Guénon that lead the researchers of his work to the idea that he is, in a certain sense, the “forerunner” of the postmodern era in Europe. Tradition and the crisis of traditions for the philosopher are considered as the main subject of study. The scale of historical and philosophical analysis is taken by the thinker without embarrassment as wide as possible. Ultimately, the very crisis of culture for Guenon can and must serve as a transition to a new stage in the development of culture. In this new stage, a syncretic creative renewal of world religions on the basis of the Eastern mysteries will take place. The cyclic concept of the author’s history does not retain its traditional connection with the Christian understanding of the future, the loss of the Christian eschatological understanding of man. the Renaissance is declared a break point with the traditional understanding of being. For a philosopher, tradition is not reduced to folk custom. And already at this stage, we are witnessing Guénon’s attempt to give the established philosophical terms their own sound, fitting them to his concept and esoteric context.
Т. Борисова: ORCID 0000-0002-0122-743Х; С. Бескаравайний: ORCID 0000-0003-1707-1369
традиція, час, релігія, духовність, цінність, tradition, time, religion, spirituality, value, КМЕіСГД
Борисова Т. В., Бескаравайний С. С. Про кризу культури та людини в «надуманому» традиціоналізмі Р. Генона. Epistemological studies in Philosophy, Social and Political Sciences. 2023. Т. 6, № 1. С. 21–26. DOI: 10.15421/342303.