ItemUniversity Library at a New Stage of Social Communications Development. Conference Proceedings. No VI (2021)(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, Dnipro, 2021)ENG: The journal is a peer-reviewed edition that supports a policy of open access to scientific publications and publishers articles under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Field of science and issues in focus: Journal of Conference proceedings depict the latest achievements in the research of library and information science - revealing emerging trends and new ideas before they appear in journals. Journal of Conference proceedings offer broad coverage of new ideas, methodologies and projects in fast-moving areas of research related to the activity of university libraries in education, science and culture. ItemChallenges, Opportunities and Prospects of University Libraries in the Global Scenario of Uncertainty: UniLibNSD Editor's View(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Kolesnykova, Tetiana O.ENG: The global scenario of uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated how quickly university libraries can respond to changes in the educational and research ecosystems of their institutions. The new (6th) issue of the journal “University Library at a New Stage of Social Communications Development. Conference Proceedings” is exactly about this. The papers discuss new behaviours / work of library staff based on digital communication technologies, our projects, our goals, our hopes, as well as our doubts and concerns for the maximum contribution of libraries to the development of university communities in a constantly changing world. Full-length articles about the most interesting world library and information practices and ideas were selected, reviewed and recommended by members of the international editorial board of the similarly-named conference (UniLibNSD-2021), which was held in a hybrid format on October 7-8, 2021 in Dnipro, Ukraine. The title “University Library at a New Stage of Social Communications Development. Conference Proceedings” has been accepted in Scopus (2021). ItemPreserving Indonesian Journalism History at National Press Monument(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Zain, Labibah; Adiba, Syifa; Faradise, Akmal; Prabowo, Thoriq T.EN: Objective. The National Press Monument is a part of the Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Information (KOMINFO) which has the sole responsibility of developing the communication and information sectors of the government including media and journalism. This research explains the preservation process of the Indonesian Journalism newsprint implemented at the National Press Monument. The purpose of this study is to give an overview of the importance of Indonesian Journalism newsprint to users of the National Press Monument. Indonesian Journalism newsprint is a vital source containing Indonesia’s press history and information about the Indonesian Journalist Association before Indonesia gained its independence. National Press Monument collects and preserves old Indonesian newsprint and journals on various subjects. Methods. The qualitative approach and observation methods are used for this research. The observation method is used to focus on the preservation practices. Alongside the observation, the technique is the application of in-depth interviews. These methods are used to explain the processes of newsprint preservation. Results. The results of the study have found that National Press Monument used four approaches to preserve newsprint material: preventive, curative, restorative, and digitalization. Preventive action is carried out by controlling temperature, humidity, light, preventing human-caused damage and conducting bookbinding action. The curative operation was done by fumigation using Sulfuryl Fluoride (S02F2). The restorative step is done by connecting parts of torn/perforated paper, and repairing damaged binding. Finally, digitalization. National Press Monument also developed a new method to preserve newsprint material which is called freezing. This new method is aimed to protect the manuscript from any harmful organism. Conclusions. These methods can also be used in libraries. The National Press Monument not only contributes to preserving newsprint material in Indonesia but also to develop new ways in protecting the manuscripts through various policies. ItemChallenges and Strategies of Academic Libraries During COVID-19 Crisis Among NOCEI Member Schools in the Philippines(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Malabanan, Elizabeth D.; Galicia, Leomar S.; Navarro, Mary Rose V.EN: Objective. As the world continuously grapples with the massive impact of COVID-19 pandemic on all domains of life, higher education institutions (HEIs) are at the forefront of reshaping and redefining their operations, mostly transitioning into online delivery of services where libraries are not exempted. The way libraries around the globe continue to face their mandate of providing knowledge resources merits research attention, especially in the context of the present health crisis. This study aimed at identifying the challenges and strategies of academic libraries during COVID-19 crisis among member schools of NOCEI, a consortium of higher educational institutions in Region IV-A (CALABARZON), Philippines. Methods. Descriptive in nature, the study utilized online survey which was accomplished by 31 head librarians from the said organization. Results. Findings revealed that barriers on transformation from physical collections to digital format, reduced budget cuts and decrease in purchasing and usage of print and physical materials are the top challenges encountered while there was a strong agreement on strategies utilized primarily on the availability of various online library services for clients and assistance through the Ask a Librarian chat service where students have access to librarian’s help in real-time through virtual chat. Conclusions. As a whole, results implicate the need for HEIs to ensure sustainability of library services during and beyond the pandemic, highlighting various measures that would respond to the ever changing landscape of education and knowledge sharing. ItemCommunity Outreach and Engagement in the Time of COVID-19: Efforts & Approaches of Academic Libraries(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Peñaflor, Janice; Labangon, Donna LynEN: Objective. This paper aims to investigate the types and scope of community engagement and outreach activities of academic libraries while the physical library spaces remain closed or operating on a limited capacity. It also looks at the tools and methods employed to implement such activities. The paper also attempts to uncover patterns or emerging themes as libraries explore innovative ideas and take new initiatives for the betterment of the community they serve. Methods. The study employs a website and Facebook page survey of AUN (ASEAN University Network) Inter-Library Online (AUNILO) member-libraries. The following six outreach categories will be utilized: (1) Collection-Based Outreach; (2) Instruction & Services-Based Outreach; (3) “Whole Person” Outreach; (4) Just for Fun Outreach; (5) Partnerships and Community-Focused Outreach; and (6) Multi-Pronged Themed Events and Programming. Said categories were derived from Farrell and Mastel (2016) paper entitled “Considering Outreach Assessment: Strategies, Sample Scenarios, And A Call to Action.” Results. Findings of the study will offer some insights on how libraries strengthen their roles in transforming societies as they provide opportunities to bring about positive change in their communities. Moreover, this paper will also challenge libraries to take a closer look at their own activities and consider how they can design creative and inspiring ways to connect with their communities. Conclusions. In response to the COVID-19 crisis, libraries are proactively pivoting their community engagement and outreach efforts online and are finding new ways to serve faculty, students, and partners. Libraries are committed to strengthening the resilience and recovery of the community through working collaboratively with its members and building partnerships with relevant organizations. ItemProfessional Competencies of a Librarian of a Higher Educational Institution(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Makeeva, Irina I.EN: Objective. Development and implementation of the concept of professional competencies of librarians. Methods. In the course of the research, a complex of methods of theoretical analysis (terminological analysis; literature analysis) and synthesis was used; methods of comparison, generalization, systematization of an array of publications. Results. The study of the research on the development and implementation of the professional competence of librarians made it possible to identify the necessary requirements for university library specialists. The resulting practice revealed the potential of librarians during telecommuting. Conclusions. In modern scientific theory, the concept of human competence has a broad interpretation and a complex structural structure. In general, it is about the ability of a person to perform certain activities, perform tasks or work; the availability of an appropriate set of knowledge, skills and attitudes that enable them to act effectively in a professional field or activity. Professional competencies of librarians are necessary for the implementation of professional activities, opportunities for self-improvement throughout life. ItemLife Hacks for Non-English-Speaking Librarians: Features of Communicative Practice in Translation(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Osadchyi, Vitalii I.EN: Objective. This paper aims to provide practical recommendations to the non-English-speaking staff working at academic libraries to practice the English language in order to fully utilize the potential of global indexing services such as Scopus and Web of Science. Methods. Comparative analysis and bibliometric analysis were employed to estimate the share of the English-language journals in the aforementioned databases to emphasize the relevance of proper knowledge of English by academic librarians given its current status as the language of global scientific communication. Results. The analysis results revealed that as of August 2021, 56 % of the Scopus-indexed journals were published in the English language only while most of the rest practiced a hybrid language approach allowing their authors to submit papers in two/three languages. In contrast, only 7 journals (0.016 % in the cited database) published their materials in the Ukrainian language only. This indirectly testifies to the importance for scientists in Ukraine to report their findings in English to reach a wider target audience. This assumption may underlie the fact that all the 15 Ukrainian journals newly accepted in the Scopus database (as of Aug 2021) are all hybrid, that is, the papers are published both in English and Ukrainian. Conclusions. It is a relevant task both for researchers in Ukraine and academic librarians at Ukrainian universities to practice their knowledge of the English language given its current status as the language of global science. A practical way to do it is to engage local professional translators (preferably with certified teaching experience) who have confirmed their knowledge of academic English to conduct sessions for librarians to train their practical skills in speaking (at international conferences) and writing (when submitting papers to relevant journals). This work provides a reference framework for such attempts. ItemVaccination Infodemic Among Citizens of Magallanes, Cavite, Philippines(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Yap, Joseph M.; Tafalla, DarylEN: Objective. This survey research intends to understand how people from a fourth-class municipality of Cavite made their decision to be vaccinated in spite of false information circulating within family, friends, and neighbors. Methods. The study employed survey research and gathered data using voluntary sampling from a pool of citizens with an appointment schedule in the vaccination site located in Magallanes, Cavite. Results. The pandemic saw a rise in the spread of information disorders. The proliferation of fake news and misinformation affect our lives as they disrupt relationships with family members and friends. Trust is being questioned as people believe in contrasting medical opinions. The overload of information sharing is a challenge for individuals to evaluate news sources coming from multiple platforms. As the status of inoculation in the Philippines is ongoing, citizens who want protection took time to get vaccinated. The impact of traditional and social media continues to be powerful influencers in information dissemination. As we deal with overabundance of information, librarians have an emerging role to play. Conclusions. Librarians are seen as partners of a local government unit in promoting citizens' well-being, providing credible sources of health information vital for an individual to help them arrive at an informed decision, and showcase advantages of vaccines as evidenced by scientific publications. ItemDocumenting the Cataloging Practices and Policies Among Selected Libraries in Kazakhstan(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Manabat, April R.EN: Objective. A survey was conducted among selected librarian catalogers in Kazakhstan to determine the current cataloging practices and policies being employed in their respective libraries. Methods. Responses suggested that cataloging is still one of the important aspects of the library work even with the emergence of electronic resources. Results. While many were still applying traditional standards such as MARC, AACR, LC and DDC in their descriptive cataloging and authority works, catalogers were interested in new standards such as RDA and BIBFRAME. Conclusions. Finally, interests in having a unified online catalog as well as more trainings on the field of cataloging and metadata librarianship in the future has also been considered by these libraries to improve the quality of their cataloging work. ItemOpen Educational Resources in the Context of Open Access(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Markin, Pablo B.EN: Objective. This exploratory literature review seeks to identify both emergent consensus areas and research gaps in recent scholarly literature on Open Educational Resources (OERs). Despite the perception of OERs as universally available, these involve persistent barriers. The presence of institutional policies, adequate incentives and support frameworks for the use and sharing of OERs as well as raising awareness about their availability is likely to be critical for their successful deployment. Methods. This study made use of the case study method to arrive at its conclusions. As part of this, secondary data were collected from relevant article searches conducted in Google Scholar and at the Harvard Open Access Tagging Project website. Only papers published in the last five years, e.g., in the years 2016-2021, were taken into consideration. Given that this study has applied the methodology of qualitative comparison and case study construction, this limits the validity of its conclusions to the settings from which the original primary findings were obtained or for which OER recommendations were produced. Results. As part of this research, 16 scholarly articles and research reports were identified as being of relevance for this study. The research questions this study has sought to answer are as follows: How OERs have developed in recent years? What was the impact of the pandemic period on OER use? What are the key barriers for OER deployment? What are the facilitating factors for OER implementation at libraries, colleges and universities? What are the effects of OERs? Conclusions. Recent reports indicate that the pandemic period has both increased the awareness of OERs among education institutions and provided an impetus for capacity building efforts in this domain. Yet, OER effectiveness continues to be under-researched, despite a tentative consensus in scholarly literature concerning the critical role for OER efficacy of institutional support and collaboration frameworks. ItemLibrary Book Exchange: History and Current State(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Luchka, Lyudmyla M.EN: Objective. The purpose of the article is to highlight book exchange as an important source of book acquisition process in the libraries of Katerinoslav - Dnipropetrovsk. The object is libraries of different subordination as a system of collection-forming documents. Methods. Analytical-synthetic, system-structural, comparative and statistical methods are used during the research in accordance with the task. Results. The author revealed the peculiarities of book exchange process in the libraries of educational institutions, scientific societies of Katerynoslavshchyna. The exchange of publications with Kyiv, Galician and Lviv institutions is proved to be useful and important. The author retraced process of cooperation of city public libraries on local literature acquisition. Libraries and reading rooms of higher, secondary and lower agricultural educational institutions received professional publications of Katerinoslav societies free of charge. The article gives a picture of the current state of document exchange in the libraries of Dnipropetrovsk region. The constant source of library acquisition is territorial and domestic professional book exchange. Conclusions. Book exchange is an important component of the process of acquisition of high quality stock in Ukrainian libraries. This prprocess was actively carried out by Katerinoslav libraries in the 19th - early 20th centuries. Throughout history the book exchange has proven to be a necessary and useful source of acquisition and high quality service in the implementation of complex reader requests. Document exchange in the 21st century in Dnipropetrovsk region is changing its format (transition to e-resources), but remains an important source in the process of creating high quality collections. ItemInformation Service for Users with Special Educational Needs(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Palyey, Tetyana L.; Novosolova, Svitlana Y.EN: Purpose. The article is aimed at the analysis of the current problem of the higher educational institutions, namely the creation of favorable conditions for teaching students with special educational needs. Methodology. Benchmarking – study and analysis of the experience of university libraries and other organizations. Formation of requirements for support of this category. Result. Creation of comprehensive assistance in learning and conditions conducive to the successful adaptation of students, their psychological rehabilitation and personal development in society. Therefore, one of the priority areas of libraries’ work is adaptation to learning, library and information services for users with special needs, providing them with free access to information, exercising their rights to receive quality services. Conclusions. Creating a virtual information space, ensuring physical accessibility, staff training contributes to the effective implementation of the tasks and motivating this category of users to personal adaptation and learning. ItemFirst Steps Before the Jump: Ukrainian University Librarians Survey about OER(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Kolesnykova, Tetiana O.; Matveyeva, Olena V.ENG: Objective. The authors study: 1) the level of awareness of librarians of Ukrainian universities about Open Educational Resources (OER); 2) the ability of librarians to provide support services for the development, creation and use of OER in teaching, learning, research. Methods. The study was conducted by methods of analysis of professional literature, online survey (questionnaires) and analysis of the results. The questionnaires “Library of Higher Education Institution in Support of Distance Learning: Open Educational Resources” was distributed from 20.04. until 20.05.2021 among 137 directors of libraries of higher education institutions of Ukraine. Responses came from 77 libraries. The questionnaire consisted of 9 open-ended and closed-ended questions to allow researchers to get a holistic picture of the research process. Results. The analysis of 77 questionnaires showed that the vast majority of free HEI libraries in Ukraine have extensive experience in working with electronic educational resources. Ranking by resource type prove that 95.89% of library collections are the own generation resources (HEI authors): databases, incl. repositories. The concept of "Open Educational Resources" (OERs) is familiar and understandable to 84.42% of respondents. At the same time, 75.32% are already involved in supporting the OER. Librarians may catalog them (21.92%) or not catalog (32.88%). Among the OER types supported by librarians, educational materials (77.05%) and textbooks (55.74%) predominate. The closest partnership of librarians in OER support (except for teachers) is with the specialists of IT services (66.13%). Conclusions. Despite the still spontaneous, chaotic and little-studied nature of the library movement towards OER, librarians are well aware of this issue. At the same time, 96.1% of respondents want to improve their competencies in the direction of supporting open educational resources. This is very important, because it is the understanding and acceptance of OER that is crucial for a long-term vision of this movement. That is why specific aspects, such as organizational, economic, personnel and motivational, need urgent further study. ItemBibliometric Analysis of Publications of Scientists in Open Access Journals as a Tool to Increase the Publishing Activity of the University(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Kostyrko, Tamara M.; Korolova, Tetyana D.EN: Objective. The study is aimed at increasing the publishing activity and better presentation of scientific results of Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding by expanding scientific publications in open access logs. Chronological frameworks of the studied scientific articles – 2017–2021. Methods. In order to obtain relevant empirical data, the authors of the research analyzed publications of the Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding scientists in open access logs using products and services of scientometric database Scopus. The algorithm of "step-by-step" actions in the Scopus database was considered in relation to: the determination of the most relevant topics; formation of the circles for the most cited publications; determining the representation level of publications made by the University scientists in the Scopus database on the topic of the study. Results. During the study, the authors showed that complete and objective evaluation in the effectiveness of scientific activity of the institution is possible only with the analysis of open resources of scientific information; the percentage of publications in the open access of Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding authors-scientists is growing: in five years, the number of scientific articles of open access has increased twice; the most popular publication model is GoldAPC; there are the most cited publications in foreign editions that relate to the first and second quartile. Conclusions. The authors firstly conducted a bibliometric study of scientists’ publications in open access journals as a tool for raising the publishing activity of the university on the basis of products and services of the Scopus scientometric database. The research materials can be used to further increase of publishing activity both for individual scientists and institutions as a whole. ItemCitation Databases: The Role of the Academic Librarian(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Nazarovets, Maryna A.EN: Objective. Indicators of citation databases are widely used as a tool for evaluating academic productivity and decision-making in science and technology. Academic libraries organize services to work with such resources. Methods. Based on the analysis and description of the work of the Information Monitoring Service, the role and type of support that academic libraries can provide in the process of their use are considered. Results. The portfolio of services for the use of citation databases provided by the employees of the Service consists of administration and organization of access, consulting, and information work, monitoring and analysis of publishing activity, organizing information, information support of journal’s editorial boards. Conclusions. Such services of academic libraries are diverse and require the development of theoretical and methodological basis for their quality implementation, continuous training of staff, their more active involvement in research processes. ItemWork in Group or Personal Maintenance of Corporate Social Media(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Sobolevskaya, Yulia V.EN: Objective. Social media have become one of the main technologies for promoting the university library. The purpose of the work is to characterize the main stages of organizing work in social media for librarians (SMM specialists and a working group) of the Scientific Library of the Belarusian National Technical University (BNTU). Methods. Statistical analysis tools made it possible to study in detail the corporate networks of the BNTU Library. A comparative analysis of the experience of maintaining BNTU accounts in social media by an SMM specialist and a working group of employees from various library departments was carried out. Results. The advantages and risks in the work of the group are summarized. The following areas highlighted: Team building; Communication and work organization; Creativity and creative power; Overcoming the challenges of group work; Content formation techniques; Potential. Conclusions. Working in a group produces creative and interesting content in large volumes. The experience of managing the process of forming a content policy in 2020 proves that the process has become more flexible and independent of the personality of an SMM specialist. ItemInternet Resources for Qualification Upgrade, Scientific, Educational and Professional Activities(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Matveyeva, Olena V.; Shytikova, Tetiana M.; Yunakovska, Victoriia V.; Voitovych, Olha V.EN: Objective. The article aims to familiarize with online resources, useful to librarians, scientists, teachers, and students. Methods. Overview of online resources for distance learning, qualification upgrade, scientific, educational and professional activities. Results. The description and characteristics of Internet resources for scientific, educational and professional activities is given. Conclusions. Distance learning is an important component of continuous professional development, a convenient modern format of professional improvement. The advantage of distance learning is the opportunity to learn at a convenient time and in any place. The use of modern Internet tools (including author identifiers) in your activities opens up new opportunities. ItemLeadership in the Student Collective(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Zhukova, Anna R.EN: Objective. The aim of the article is to study the phenomenon of leadership in the student collective. Methods. During the research and to achieve its goal, theoretical research methods were used, including analysis and synthesis, generalization, explanation. Results. As a result, the problems of formation of leadership qualities in students of higher education institutions are analyzed, the development history of the leadership problem, the versatility of the concept are considered. Interpretations of the leadership phenomenon existing in domestic and foreign literature are presented. The phenomenon of the leadership role differentiation in a group is analyzed, the role of libraries in the formation of students’ leadership competence is highlighted. Conclusion. The conclusion indicates that for the effective formation of students’ leadership qualities it is necessary to study their psychological characteristics and that libraries play a significant role in the process of formation of students’ leadership qualities. ItemScientific and Educational Activity of Libraries as a Criterion of Library Reform(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Fihel, Olena M.EN: Objective. The article examines the legislation of Ukraine in the framework of library reform. It is noted that in the presence of all changes and additions, the wording of the Law of Ukraine "On Libraries and Library Affairs" of 2021 regulates the activities of mostly public libraries. The peculiarities of the activity of libraries of higher educational institutions (HEI) are not reflected in the law. Methods. The methodological basis of the study were: general methods of thinking; general scientific and interdisciplinary methods. We can also distinguish: analysis and synthesis, abstraction, formalization and dialectical, as a general scientific method of cognition. Results. An example of a legal conflict regarding the legitimacy to use the status of a research and educational worker by the director of a University library is analyzed in detail. The study proves that libraries of higher education institutions are not obliged to conduct research and educational activities. However, in the absence of scientific lectures, workshops, and research, the library is reduced to the level of a subdivision of the HEI, whose activities are aimed only at providing information on scientific and educational activities of teachers and students. Conclusions. On the example of the Scientific Library of Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, known in Ukraine and abroad for its scientific lectures, art projects, research and explorations, the relevance and importance of conducting scientific and educational activities by Scientific Libraries of the HEI is shown. ItemPrediction of the Future: New Roles of the University Librarian(Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan, 2021) Nikolaienko, Nataliia M.; Rybalchenko, Olena M.EN: Objective. The article analyzes the new roles of librarians - facilitator, tutor, moderator, presents their introduction into the activities of the university library, reveals the impact of innovations on the effectiveness of the library and the university. Methods. The study was conducted by reviewing publications related to clarifying the new roles of librarians in the practice of modern university libraries, summarizing the experience of the Scientific Library of Kharkiv Petro Vasylenko National Technical University of Agriculture (SL KhNTUA) to introduce new activities. Results. During the study, the authors determined that the SL KhNTUA’ introduction of the innovative forms in terms of new roles of librarians (facilitator, tutor, moderator) contributes to the development and diversification of library services, increase in the role of SL as an active partner of the university in research, teaching and educational work; emphasizes and strengthens the role of the library in raising the ranking of the university. Conclusions. The originality of the work is to expand ideas about the new roles of librarians in the activities of the university library, which is an important factor in assessing the effectiveness of its management. Practical value. The obtained results are used to improve the management of human resources of university libraries.