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# Кафедра "Інтелектуальні системи електропостачання" (раніше кафедра "Енергопостачання залізниць")

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ENG: Department of Power supply of railways (Department of Power of Railways, renamed the 31.10.2016)

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### Browsing Кафедра "Інтелектуальні системи електропостачання" (раніше кафедра "Енергопостачання залізниць") by Title

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Item AC/DC Converter for DC Traction Power Supply System With High-Speed Train Operation(National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute", Kiev, 2019) Sokol, Yevgen; Sychenko, Viktor G.; Voitovych, Yurii; Kosariev, Yevhen M.; Styslo, Bohdan; Hubskyi, Petro V.Show more EN: Purpose of the work is improved approaches to ensure the required quality parameters of voltage in the traction network based on modern technologies and equipment. The pulsating mode of the power consumption in the railroad power supply network is the cause of the occurrence of voltage pulsations in the contact network. The use of active rectifiers in the electric power supply system of the railroad is proposed. The control system is developed by the converter, which allows to stabilize the output voltage in the DC link and also provides the unit power factor consumed by the converter and the THD consumption current at the level of 8%. A mathematical model of the converter was developed and a study of its main modes of operation was performed.Show more Item Analysis and Ways for Advancing of Mathematical Model of Pulverized Coal Ignition and Combustion(Інститут геотехнічної механіки ім. М.С. Полякова НАН України, 2022) Zhevzhyk, Oleksandr V.; Potapchuk, Iryna Yu.; Pertsevyi, Vitalii O.; Sekar, ManigandanShow more ENG: An analysis of mathematical models of ignition and burning of a single particle and a coal cloud is given. Models which take into account the presence of ash in particles, the influence of the ratio of the amount of coal and primary air (excess coefficient) and the size of coal particles on the ignition process are presented and analyzed. It is shown that simplifications in mathematical models in most cases lead to a loss of accuracy and therefore the results cannot be used for practical purposes. Simulation of complex air supply processes by approximation of uniformity also leads to questionable results. A significant influence on the ignition and combustion of coal particles affects the content and intensity of the release of volatile substances and the chemical reactions that occur in this case. The rate of volatiles yield is proposed to be calculated according to the Arrhenius law, and the activation energy and frequency factor are considered to be those that do not depend on the type of coal, but are determined only by the temperature of the particle. Taking into account heat transfer by radiation and a decrease in the particle diameter during combustion has a positive effect on the results obtained. According to the results, the reactivity and losses with underburning significantly depend on the initial diameter of coal particles. Most models do not take into account the change in temperature inside the particles during heating, ignition and combustion in the apparatus, but there are works that are specifically devoted to the study of temperature fields inside the particles and the influence of the particle shape on the combustion rate. Modeling showed that motion relative to the gas leads to an intensification of heat transfer between the particles and the environment, while the volatile matter yield time decreases at a high ambient gas temperature. A decrease in the rate of combustion chemical reactions is noted with an increase in the concentration of water vapor in the gaseous medium around the particle, i.e. oxygen diffusion is the limiting factor in particle combustion. The most complete and physically correct gas dynamics during combustion is calculated in models where known turbulence models are used, such as the standard k-ε model, RNG k-ε model, BSL model and SST model. At the end of the article, the concepts for improving the model of ignition and combustion of coal particles are outlined.Show more Item Anthropological Aspects of High-Tech Facilities Operation Support(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2017) Matusevych, Oleksandr O.; Matusevych, Oleksii O.Show more ENG: Purpose. The article, based on the analysis of actual materials, highlights the importance of taking into account the influence of the human factor in occurrence of emergency situations in terms of transport infrastructure. Methodology. The research is based on the interdisciplinary system analysis. It was comprehended how the service technicians of high-tech systems can create latent unsafe conditions that combined with other hazardous activities can cause an emergency and injury. The authors attempt to dramatize the issue in order to find a solution – on the one hand, man is the most crucial part of a complex technological system, on the other hand – he is the most unreliable part of the system, especially in terms of the extreme power of modern vehicles and their speeds. The above situation demonstrates the need for a new level of anthropic comprehension of the high-tech systems in the schematic set "human-system-environment". Originality. The paper analysed the problems and conditions of human factors that allow detecting the causes of technicians’ errors. The authors highlighted proposals for psychocorrective work among the personnel of the facilities. The problem of further development of continuous improvement of the equipment maintenance systems, based on integrated approach taking into account the human factor, is also not overlooked. Conclusion. In the course of understanding the human factor and its influence on the processes, the most urgent tasks are as follows: implementation of new system software, automation of vehicles and development of high production culture based on moral qualities of experts.Show more Item Asymmetric Power Supply Circuit Design for Electric Rolling Stock on the Electrified DC Rail(IEEE, 2020) Sychenko, Viktor G.; Danylov, Oleksiy; Bekh, Petro V.; Kosariev, Yevhen; Liashuk, Vitalij; Drubetskaya, TanyaShow more ENG: Modern requirements for the traction power supply system of direct current in providing the high-speed movement are reduced to the need of ensuring a normalized voltage level of 2900 V on current collectors of electric locomotives. At the same time, the power supply system has to be stable on changes in power consumption and have the necessary specific energy intensity. The purpose of the work is to explain the transition to a new circuit design of the traction network using additional generators of electric energy. The proposed asymmetrical power supply system of the electric rolling stock allows to provide the required voltage level on the electric locomotive current collectors, to reduce the range of its changes and to reduce the power losses by 14.3% compared to the symmetrical centralized power supply circuit design with passive boosting of the traction network.Show more Item Automatied Workstation for Calculating Rational Mode of Traction Power Supply Systems(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту імені академіка В. Лазаряна, Дніпропетровськ, 2013) Kuznetsov, ValeriyShow more EN: Improving the competitiveness and efficiency of railway transport of Ukraine is impossible without solving a number of priority issues, including: providing a rational railway technology taking into account energetic, economic and environmental criteria, infrastructure development for high-speed motion, improving consumption energy planning, the implementation of effective management at all levels of the production cycle. This list very important problem is energy saving in power supply traction systems. This problem is complex, multi-level and multi-factor in nature. The definition of rational modes of traction power supply DC systems has previously been performed without taking into account the realities of our time, when there is a market economy, there are different options for electricity payment (by flat-rate tariffs, differentiated tariffs or wholesale prices for electricity). Now, the energy component in the transportation tariff has reached 20%, and taking into account global trends will continue to rise. When making decisions in firstly we need to take into account not only technical indicators, but also economic (cost of electricity consumed). The paper presents the principles of rational modes of the power supply systems. This make a basis for creation a monitoring system for ensuring the rational modes, which could for each time point evaluate the power supply system mode and propose the measures to ensure the most profitable mode. It's done the description of the specialized software that allows you to define rational modes of traction power supply system. The discussed program uses a genetic algorithm to determine the rational modes. This article contains screenshots of developed software.Show more Item Badania Rezerw Zasilania Poprzez Racjonalne Rozmieszczenie Pociagow na Odcinku(Польша, 2013) Maksimczuk, W. F.; Kuzniecov, Walery G.; Kalasznikov, K. A.; Kiriluk, T. l.Show more PL: Przeprowadzono badanie czynnikow okreslajctcych wielkosc strat mocy w sieci trakcyjnej. Nastepnie okreslono zaleinosci pomiedzy wielkoscict strat mocy w sieci trakcyjnej a liczbct pocictgow i ich dyslokacjct na odcinkach miedzypodstacyjnych.Show more Item Badanie Skali Zmienności Obciążeń Wybranej Tramwajowej Podstacji Trakcyjnej na Podstawie Rzeczywistych Wyników Pomiarowych dla Spójnego Okresu Czasowego Obejmującego Szesnaście Tygodni(Politechniki Krakowskiej im. Tadeusza Kościuszki, Kraków, Polska, 2015) Drapik, Slavomir; Kuznetsov, Valeriy; Markowski, Paweł; Prusak, Janusz; Woszczyna, BartoszShow more PL: Zmienność obciążeń trakcyjnych powoduje, że projektanci muszą dobierać moc zespołów prostownikowych dla podstacji trakcyjnych DC ze znacznym przewymiarowaniem. W artykule, na podstawie wyników pomiarowych eksploatowanej tramwajowej podstacji trakcyjnej, przedstawiono skalę przewymiarowania mocy zespołów prostownikowych tej podstacji. Stwierdzono występowanie znacznych odcinków czasowych, w których moce zespołów prostownikowych nie są wykorzystywane. Obliczono współczynniki przeciążeń chwilowych dla różnych odcinków czasowych, następnie przeprowadzono ich analizę statystyczną. Zwrócono uwagę na rozwiązanie techniczne mogące w przyszłości ograniczyć straty energii w podstacjach trakcyjnych DC.Show more Item Calculation of the Traction Power Supply Systems Using the Functions of Resistance(Instytut Kolejnictwa, Warszawa, 2015) Bosiy, Dmytro O.; Kosariev, Yevhen M.Show more EN: The article is devoted to the development of a new method of calculating the instantaneous traction power supply circuits of the system. On the basic of the design scheme of generalized traction substations zone provided analytical functions of the resistance. Using the known functions of the current distribution of functions putted into the concept of resistance feeders traction substations. The functions of resistance and current distribution used in a more straightforward method of calculating the instant schemes that allow to formalize electrical calculations of electrical traction power supply systems.Show more Item Calculation of the Traction Power Supply Systems Using the Functions of Resistance (preprint)(Instytut Kolejnictwa, Warszawa, 2015) Bosiy, Dmytro O.; Kosariev, Yevhen M.Show more EN: The article is devoted to the development of a new method of calculating the instantaneous traction power supply circuits of the system. On the basic of the design scheme of generalized traction substations zone provided analytical functions of the resistance. Using the known functions of the current distribution of functions putted into the concept of resistance feeders traction substations. The functions of resistance and current distribution used in a more straightforward method of calculating the instant schemes that allow to formalize electrical calculations of electrical traction power supply systems.Show more Item Comparative Tests of Contact Elements at Current Collectors in Order to Comprehensively Assess their Operational Performance(PC "Technology Center", Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, Kharkov, Ukraine, 2018) Babyak, Mykola O.; Horobets, Volodymyr L.; Sychenko, Viktor G.; Gorobets, YevhenShow more EN: We have studied the interaction between contact elements in the pantographs of electric transport under operation at the sections of railroads powered by direct and alternating current. In contrast to known techniques for bench tests, we investigated the mechanism of current collection and wear resistance at the new testing installation over a minimally narrow region of the sliding contact, simulating the phenomenon of a pantograph “cut”. This installation can be used both industrially when manufacturing new contact elements and under laboratory setting when studying wear resistance. The experimental research confirmed that the wear intensity of contact elements at pantographs depends on current load over a contact area, the magnitude of contact pressure, the area of a contact surface, and motion speed. We have practically proven a possibility to maintain a reliable contact connection in the sliding contact under extreme operating conditions when using a reliable contact material for the current collector pads. It has been proposed to use the powder composition BrIG based on bronze, iron, and graphite, for making contact elements for pantographs that could provide for reliable contact when interacting with the contact wire. Application of new and high-quality contact materials affects the tribology and stability of interaction between plates and the contact wire. Owing to our study, a possibility has been established to manufacture a reliable contact element BrIG, which would prolong the time of interaction in the contact pair “pantograph at electric transport ‒ contact network”. The practical significance of this research relates to the proven efficiency of utilizing the new contact material BrIG for electric railroad transport network, in trolley buses and trams. Thus, one can argue about the possibility to prolong the time of operation for the contact pair “pad in a pantograph at electric transport ‒ contact network” by applying the new contact material BrIG.Show more Item Computing and Optimization for DC Power Systems of Electric Transport(World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd., London, 2020) Bosyi, Dmytro O.; Sablin, Oleh I.; Kosariev, YevhenShow more ENG: In the modern world, further development of society is impossible without environmentally friendly modes of transport and their effective interaction within the framework of Smart Energy and ECO-driving concepts. Written at a time of rapid development of information technologies in various fields, this book serves as a kind of bridge for the introduction of artificial intelligence into the electric transport power supply systems. The calculation models and methods proposed make it possible to choose the most efficient modern equipment for electric power supply of electric vehicles, which, as a result, saves investment costs and reduces time to make decisions for designing complex objects. Insight is also given into building and adjusting Smart Energy class equipment to achieve optimal and economical modes.Show more Item The Concept of a Hybrid Traction Power Supply System(Les Ulis: EDP Sciences-Web of Conferences, France, 2019) Sychenko, Viktor G.; Kuznetsov, Valeriy; Kosariev, Yevhen; Bekh, Petro V.; Sayenko, Yuriy; Styslo, Bohdan O.; Pavlichenko, Mihail; Vasilev, Ihor; Pulin, Mykola M.Show more ENG: Abstract. The growing shortage of energy resources to provide heavy traffic and high-speed traffic necessitates the development of a new power supply scheme for a traction network using sources of distributed generation of electric energy. Application of asymmetric distributed traction power system with the use of distributed generation allows to increase electric energy efficiency of the feed system of rolling stock, reduce its material capacity and increase the reliability of the functioning of the railway system as a whole. The proposed structure of the hybrid electric traction system involves the creation of a new paradigm aimed at ensuring high demands on the voltage and specific power in the traction network, which will allow to improve the quality and safety of the transportation process when increasing the energy performance indicators. This paradigm will allow to form a new philosophy of building traction power systems. The key elements of this philosophy are decentralization of generation and consumption of electric energy, the use of intelligent electric equipment, distributed power supply management in a single information space of the energy process during transportation. The peculiarity of the proposed work is the optimal combination of technological processes of transmission, consumption of electric energy and transportation, taking into account the specific conditions of functioning of the electrified section: points of connection of power sources and their type, profile of the track, schedule of trains, types of rolling stock and equipment. Conceptually, the hybrid traction power system is an electric hub, in which the inputs are generating points, and the output is the power supply system of the rolling stock. The internal structure of the electric power objects of the hub is determined by the type of transformation and accumulation of electric energy and ways of managing these objects in real time.Show more Item Continuous Improvement of Technical Servicing and Repair System of Railway Substation on the Basis of FMEA Methodology(Instytut Naukowo-Wydawniczy "TTS" Sp. z o.o, Radom, Poland, 2016) Matusevych, Oleksandr O.; Sychenko, Viktor H.; Białoń, AndrzejShow more EN: The article shows the ways of solving the problem of upgrading and efficiency of the technical servicing and repair of railway substation of electrified railways in operation. Proposed to use of FMEA methodology to continuous improvement the technical servicing and repair process of electrical equipment throughout the life cycle. By the given method, the calculation of critical violations operations of subprocess maintenance work of the supply transformer and subprocesses criticality of maintenance of power electric equipment of railway substations is carried out.Show more Item Control System Fidelity of Electric Energy(Дніпропетровський національний університет залізничного транспорту ім. акад. В. Лазаряна, Дніпро, 2017) Chichil, A. A.; Fedorenko, A. A.; Skrypnyk, A. A.; Drubetskaya, TanyaShow more EN: It is difficult to install consumers with faulty accounting systems, to discover areas of distribution networks with increased technological losses, and the place of theft of electric energy. To develop a methodology that allows, with existing accounting systems, to increase the informativeness of the component of the difference of distributed and consumed energy with virtually no additional expenses and, in the presence of an automated accounting system, to refuse periodic verification of the measured measuring devices and current and voltage transformers. The system for monitoring the reliability of electrical energy accounting at transformer substations has been further developed, which breaks the task at a level and solves them in stages. The developed system allows abandoning the periodic calibration of measured accounting devices and current and voltage transformers.Show more Item Correlation Theory of Casual Processes in Electrical Power Problems for Systems of Electric Transport (preprint)(IEEE, Lviv, 2015) Kostin, Nickolai A.; Mishchenko, Tatyana M.; Shumikhina, LyudmilaShow more ENG: A new method is proposed for determining the energy indices in electric transport systems, based on the correlation theory of random processes. According to this method, the components of apparent power and power factor are expressed through correlation functions and mathematical expectations of investigated traction voltages and currents. Numerical calculations of active, reactive and apparent power as well as the ratio of reactive power for a traction substation feeder show that the method possesses high accuracy: the error is less than 2%.Show more Item Development a Forecasting Method of Friction Pairs Wear of the Current Collection(Wydawnictwo Instytutu Kolejnictwa, Warszawa, 2017) Antonov, Andrii V.; Bolshakov, Yu. L.; Sychenko, Viktor G.Show more EN: Development a forecasting method of friction pairs wear of the current collection on electric rail transport.Relevance. The most costly in the operation of the electrified railway transport are maintenance and repair of contact networks and pantographs. The costs magnitude depends of the catenary type, electric rolling stock, materials of the friction pair "contact wire – contact strip" and environment parameters. For today there is no consensus regarding the choice of the pantograph contact strips type for the specific operating conditions of the electric rolling stock. Therefore, the resource elements of the friction pair inefficiently used. A solution to this problem would be to a forecasting method of friction pairs wear of the current collection. Scientific novelty. Developed a method forecasting wear of contact wires and contact strips basis on the of the neural network model. To build a neural network was used the experimental dependences and was taken into account the change pressing force of the pantograph along span of the catenary, current value, current collecting elements type and modify the parameters environment. Practical importance. The proposed method allows to estimate the wear of the contact pair without the necessity for additional bench tests. This will significantly increase the effectiveness of the design new and modernization of already-exploited contact network sections.Show more Item Development of a Mathematical Model of the Generalized Diagnostic Indicator on the Basis of Full Factorial Experiment(Versita, Poland, 2017) Sychenko, Viktor G.; Mironov, Dmytro V.Show more EN: Purpose. The aim of this work is to develop a mathematical model of the generalized diagnostic indicator of the technical state of traction substations electrical equipment. Methodology. The main tenets of the experiment planning theory, methods of structural-functional and multi-factor analysis, methods of mathematical and numerical modeling have been used to solve the set tasks. Results. To obtain the mathematical model of the generalized diagnostic indicator, a full factorial experiment for DC circuit breaker have been conducted. The plan of the experiment and factors affecting the change of the unit technical condition have been selected. The regression equation in variables coded values and the polynomial mathematical model of the generalized diagnostic indicator of the circuit breaker technical condition have been obtained. On the basis of regression equation analysis the character of influence of circuit breaker diagnostic indicators values on generalized diagnostic indicator changes has been defined. As a result of repeated performances of the full factorial experiment the mathematical models for other types of traction substations power equipment have been obtained. Originality. An improved theoretical approach to the construction of generalized diagnostic indicators mathematical models for main types of traction substations electric equipment with using the methods of experiments planning theory has been suggested. Practical value. The obtained polynomial mathematical models of the generalized diagnostic indicator D can be used for constructing the automated system of monitoring and forecasting of the traction substations equipment technical condition, which allows improving the performance of processing the diagnostic information and ensuring the accuracy of the diagnosis. Analysing and forecasting the electrical equipment technical condition with the using of mathematical models of generalized diagnostic indicator changes process allows constructing the optimal strategy of maintenance and repair based on the actual technical condition of the electrical equipment. This will reduce material and financial costs of maintenance and repair work as well as the equipment downtime caused by planned inspections and repair improving reliability and uptime of electrical equipment.Show more Item Development of a Spectral Theory for Analysis of Non-Stationary Pulse Stochastic Electromagnetic Processes in Devices of Electric Transport Systems(National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute", Kiev, 2019) Szeląg, Adam; Kostin, Mykola O.; Nikitenko, Anatolii; Mishchenko, Tetiana; Jefimowski, WłodzimierzShow more ENG: A spectral analysis of traction voltages and currents is a basis for estimation of electromagnetic compatibility level and quality of consumed power in electric transport systems. However, such an analysis is usually performed for steady-state modes and only under the condition that the time realization of voltages and currents, being deterministic for continuous quantities, have infinite length. De facto, the electric transport devices operate in non-stationary dynamic modes (starting up, coasting, acceleration, iregenerative braking, stopping, wheel spin, voltage surges, etc.). As a result, the voltage across the traction motors and the current flowing through them are noncontinuous pulsed stochastic processes. It is necessary to add that in emergency modes the voltage and current are short-term single pulses.The paper presents the spectral analysis of such random sequences of pulses as well as their fronts and decays, the concepts of actual and instantaneousspectra. The analytical expressions for amplitudes and the initial phases of k-th harmonics are obtained using the discrete Fourier transformation. The numerical calculations of the spectral composition of stochastic pulse processes of voltage and current were performed for the DE1 and VL8 electric locomotives (Ukraine) as well as for trams operating on the i routes of the city of Dnipro. The actual and instantaneous spectra, as well as the spectra of the full correlation functions and their “tails”, were determined for the electric traction voltages and currents.Show more Item Development of an Approach to Ensure Stability of the Traction Direct Current System(PC "Technology Center", Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, Kharkov, 2018) Sychenko, Viktor G.; Kuznetsov, Valeriy; Kosariev, Yevhen M.; Hubskyi, Petro V.; Belozyorov, Vasiliy Ye.; Zaytsev, Vadym G.; Pulin, Mykola M.Show more EN: The result of applying the quantitative approach to the calculation of static stability of the traction power system helped us establish that when a train runs along an actual section there emerge zones with lack of stability in terms of voltage. Exact solution to the task of evaluating the stability is extremely difficult because of the need to compute the nonlinear dependences determining the modes of operation of the traction power system and electric rolling stock. In this work, we constructed a system of four autonomous nonlinear differential equations based on experimental data that simulate the behavior of current and voltage in the contact network. We also calculated stability regions for voltage regulators in the traction network, which stabilize voltage at pantographs of electric rolling stock. The obtained stability regions of voltage regulators made it possible to estimate resource of stability and to find the most robust regulators out of those constructed. The study revealed that the non-linear regulator has better robust properties than the linear one. In this case, stability of the linear regulator is very narrow ‒ Δk=0.000004, which is an order of magnitude lower than for the non-linear regulator. When applying the non-linear regulator, voltage in the contact network stabilizes 3 times faster regardless of the place of its location. Application of the devised approach would make it possible to calculate the stability regions for various schematics of the traction network in the implementation of high-speed motion and to narrow the range of voltage fluctuations. The developed dynamic model of power consumption processes, as well as the voltage regulator, could be used when constructing an intelligent, adaptive traction power system for high-speed motion.Show more Item Development of Methods for Optimizing Reactive Power Modes Based on Neural Network Technologies(National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kiev Polytechnic Institute", Kiev, 2019) Sayenko, Yuriy; Sychenko, Viktor; Liubartsev, VadymShow more EN: The high cost of electric power, as well as the considerable length and branching of electrical networks, necessitate reduce electric power consumption, and losses in electrical networks. One of solutions of this problem is optimizing the reactive power mode. Reducing the reactive power factor at the point of common coupling (PCC) to the economic level established by the power system is not taking into account that in a complex network, power flows with a non-optimal arrangement of compensating devices and improper determination of their power can reach large values, that resulting in an increase in losses in the network. A program has been developed that implements prediction algorithms using neural networks, as well as optimizing the reactive power mode.Show more