Hubs as a Key Tool for Improving the Quality of the Service and Development of Multimodal Passenger Traffic

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The Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Transport, Katowice, Poland
ENG: This article stresses the need to develop multimodal passenger transport. Particular attention is paid to the construction of HUBs based on railway stations. HUB is the transport interchange node, passenger complex, which redistributes passenger flows between transport modes and directions. They allow to optimize transportation processes, as well as to create an infrastructure for convenient and fast passenger transfer between different transport modes. The preconditions for creating organizational conditions to ensure the sustainable development of the passenger railway transport sector are outlined. In the near future, combined passenger transport with the participation of several modes of transport will attract tourists from around the world. The authors’ concept of the term “passenger comfort zone” is proposed, which takes into account all the needs of modern tourists. The mechanism of multimodal transportations of passengers by railway transport in interaction with other participants of the servicing process is presented. A model of institutional support for the development of multimodal passenger railway transport is proposed to create conditions for integrated transport services for passengers by the passenger railway transport complex. The expediency of forming a system of railway passenger HUBs in Ukraine is vital to attracting investments to improve transport and tourism infrastructure, as well as to roll stock and a range of services for the benefit of all stakeholders in the transport sector (e.g., the state, investors, and passengers).
O. Pshinko: ORCID 0000-0002-1598-2970; T. Charkina: ORCID 0000-0001-6202-0910; L. Martseniuk: ORCID 0000-0003-4121-8826: O. Orlovska: ORCID 0000-0002-7225-0717
multimodal transportations, HUBs, passenger transportations, railway transport, tourist transportations, passenger comfort zone, КАПЗБМ, КЕМ, КГСЕП (ЛФ)
Pshinko O., Charkina T., Martseniuk L., Orlovska O. Hubs as a Key Tool for Improving the Quality of the Service and Development of Multimodal Passenger Traffic. Transport Problems. 2022. Vol. 17, Iss. 1. P. 201–214. DOI: 10.20858/tp.2022.17.1.17.